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Bhagat Singh

Topics Covered: The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Bhagat Singh:


Context:

113th birth anniversary celebrated on 28th September, 2020.

About Bhagat Singh:

Born in September, 1907.

Gandhi’s influence: Initially, he supported Mahatma Gandhi and the Non-Cooperation Movement. However, when Gandhi withdrew the movement in the wake of the Chauri Chaura incident, Bhagat Singh turned to revolutionary nationalism.

Associations he was associated with:

  • In 1924 in Kanpur, he became a member of the Hindustan Republican Association, started by Sachindranath Sanyal a year earlier.
  • In 1925, Bhagat Singh returned to Lahore and within the next year he and his colleagues started a militant youth organisation called the Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
  • In 1928, he was associated with the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) along with Sukhdev, Chandrashekhar Azad and others.
  • Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev also organized the Lahore Students Union for open, legal work among the students.

Revolutionary activities he was involved in:

  • Lahore Conspiracy case.
  • 1929 Central Assembly Bombing Case.

Bhagat Singh Execution:

Bhagat Singh was arrested and charged in the Saunders murder case, along with Rajguru, Sukhdev and others. The trio was ordered to be hanged on 24 March 1931 but the sentence was carried out a day earlier at the Lahore Jail.

  • 23rd March is observed as ‘Martyrs’ Day’ or ‘Shaheed Diwas’ or ‘Sarvodaya Day’ in honour of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.

Political ideology:

His azaadi freedom was not limited to the expelling of the British; instead he desired azaadi from poverty, azaadi from untouchability, azaadi from communal strife, and azaadi from every form of discrimination and exploitation.

Bhagat_singh

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

About:

  • HRA
  • HSRA
  • Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
  • Kakori Conspiracy case.
  • Lahore Conspiracy case.

Mains Link:

A revolutionary and a socialist, the contribution of Bhagat Singh to the Independence Movement of India is immense. Discuss.

Sources: PIB.