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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 September 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Social empowerment.

1. Economic Empowerment of women does not necessarily translate into their Social Empowerment in our country, critically examine. (250 words)

Reference: un.org

Why the question:

The question is premised on the topic of women empowerment and associated issues from GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the gaps that visibly encountered in India quite often while realizing the goal of social empowerment of a woman through economic empowerment.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

With key statistics present the position of women in the country.

Body:

In the answer body define the two terms; economic empowerment and social empowerment and differentiate the two while also suggesting the interlinkages.

The term “empowerment of women” refers to the process of providing power to women to stand up against the control of the others and help them to leader a prosperous and a successful life. Historically, women have been regarded as constituting a weaker section in the society.

Explain that Women Economic Empowerment is very important for a country’s development right from the smallest unit of the community which is the family. Having empowered women in a country means great reduction in dependence rates, increased household income leading to increased household purchasing power resulting into an improved standard of living adding on the taxes that the government in each country collects which is then invested back into better services to the tax payers women inclusive. This further leads to independent decision making regarding career, job selection, education, health, investment and rights.  It is therefore inevitable that empowering women economically will no doubt lead to the country’s development.

Then move onto explain the gaps in translating this economic empowerment into social empowerment.

Discuss the key issues and suggest solutions to address the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. Discuss in detail the confusion over policy for human resource development and economic policy is affecting quality, equity and integrity in the field of medical education. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The editorial analyses how confusion over policy for human resource development and economic policy is affecting quality, equity and integrity in the field of medical education.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer must diagnose as to what is ailing medical education system in the country and suggest suitable measures to overcome the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present the medical education scenario in the country.

Body:

In the answer body one can start with the present scenario of medical education and the modus operandi of it. Discuss the nuances brought out in the NEP 2020 with respect to it.

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 aims to provide universal access to quality education and bridge the gap between the current state of learning outcomes and what is required.

Explain what have been the real challenges like successive governments have been faced with the practical dilemma of quickly expanding educational opportunities while simultaneously addressing the issues of quality and equity.

Discuss the key challenges such as – The basic cause of inequity in admission to higher educational institutions is the absence of a high-quality school system accessible to all etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections.

3. Present a picture of child and women nutrition in India. Discuss the schemes introduced in this direction and also suggest measures to ensure Poshanabhiyan targets are realized. (250 words)

Reference: pib.gov.in

Why the question:

September month is celebrated as Rashtriya PoshanMaah each year under POSHAN Abhiyaan (PM’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment), which was launched in 2018.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward; one must present a detailed picture of child and women nutrition in India and discuss the schemes in this direction with measures to improvise the achievement of Poshanabhiyan targets.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with key statistics discussing women and child health position in the country.

Body:

Explain the importance of improving awareness regarding nutrition will go a long way in improving lives of vulnerable sections.

Also called as the National Nutrition Mission, it is Government of India’s flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.

There isn’t much to deliberate here, the points are straightforward and need elaboration.

Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction and suggest measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4. Trust of the people in the integrity, impartiality of Judiciary and honesty of judges is essential for institutional progress and evolution. In the context of this statement discuss in what way Supreme Court of India ought to be sentinel guarding our rights? (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The editorial talks about the need for the Supreme Court to re-address its role assigned under the Constitution as “sentinel on the qui vive” (watchful guardian) of fundamental rights.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain in what way Supreme Court of India ought to be sentinel guarding our rights.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what are the issues plaguing the supreme court that have jeopardized the nature of work of the supreme court.

Body:

Explain the statement – why Trust of the people in the integrity, impartiality of Judiciary and honesty of judges is essential for institutional progress and evolution. Give examples and justify the statement.

For example – Allegations have been made against the Chief Justice of India, stating that the decisions in some of the most important matters affecting the nation, the Constitution, democracy, and the people and their fundamental rights have been taken in favour of the executive.

Discuss the functioning of the Supreme Court, its roles and responsibilities in being a guardian.

Conclusion:

Conclude that The Supreme Court must reassert clearly that it is truly the sentinel on the qui vive as regards the fundamental rights of all citizens.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. What’s the difference between global warming and climate change? Discuss their contributions in recent extreme events witnessed across the world. (250 words)

Reference: climate.gov

Why the question:

Question is straightforward and is from GS paper III.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the difference between global warming and climate change; also explain their contributions in recent extreme events witnessed across the world.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what global warming is and climate change is.

Body:

Global warming refers only to the Earth’s rising surface temperature, while climate change includes warming and the “side effects” of warming—like melting glaciers, heavier rainstorms, or more frequent drought. Said another way, global warming is one symptom of the much larger problem of human-caused climate change.

Tabulate the differences with relevant examples.

Discuss their contributions in the recent extreme events. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to recognise and address these changes so as to ensure sustainability of Earth and its environment.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : challenges of corruption.

6. “Elimination of corruption is not only a moral imperative but an economic necessity. “Comment. (250 words)

Reference: darpg.gov.in

Why the question:

The question is premised on the theme of corruption.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail in what way elimination of corruption is not only a moral imperative but an economic necessity.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what corruption is.

Body:

Elimination of corruption is not only a moral imperative but an economic necessity for a nation aspiring to catch up with the rest of the world. Improved governance in the form of non-expropriation contract, enforcement and decrease in bureaucratic delays and corruption can raise the GDP growth rate significantly.

Explain the causes of corruption, Discuss how Corruption is an important manifestation of the failure of ethics. Among the most common causes of corruption are the political and economic environment, professional ethics and morality and, of course, habits, customs, tradition, and demography.

Explain in what way it becomes an economic imperative apart from being moral imperative.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to address the evil of corruption to ensure progress and development of the country.

 

Topic : Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections

7. Sense of morality must begin from the door of the leader who preaches it, Discuss the statement in the backdrop of principle of governance – “Yatha Raja Tatha Praja”. (250 words)

Reference: newsgram.com

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of morality and leadership qualities.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain the principle of governance – “Yatha Raja Tatha Praja” in detail and its relevance in upholding morality in the public.

Directive:

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Yatha Raja Tatha Praja : In his Nitishastra, Chanakya said “As the ruler does, so do the citizens of his country”.

Body:

Discuss the importance of Morality first, then explain how and why it is important for leaders to carry this sense of morality so as to induce the same in their followers.

Explain in detail the principle of governance – “Yatha Raja Tatha Praja”. Discuss with examples the need to practice it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


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