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Cat que virus

Topics Covered: Issues related to health.

Cat que virus:


Context:

Scientists have warned India of another virus — cat que virus — largely reported in China and having the potential to cause disease in India.

  • The presence of this virus in culex mosquitoes and pigs has been reported in China and Vietnam.

What is Cat Que virus?

It is one of the arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses).

Spread:

  • Its natural host is a mosquito.
  • Domestic pigs are the primary mammalian host of CQV.

Why India is more vulnerable?

  • Availability of vector, primary mammalian host (swine) and confirmation of CQV from jungle myna.
  • Besides, National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune researchers have found antibodies for the virus in two out of the 883 human serum samples which were taken from various Indian states, indicating that people at some point contracted the virus.

Effects on Humans:

It can cause febrile illnesses, meningitis and paediatric encephalitis in humans.

cat_que_virus

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About Cat Que Virus.
  2. Hosts.
  3. Where has it been reported across the world?
  4. What are arboviruses?

Mains Link:

What is Cat Que Virus? How is it spread? Discuss.

Sources: Livemint.