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About the Central Pollution Control Board

Topics Covered: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

About the Central Pollution Control Board:

CPCB is a statutory organisation which was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

  • It was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  • It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Important functions:

  • to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution.
  • to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

Why in News?

CPCB recently celebrated its 46th Foundation Day.


Prelims Link:

  1. About CPCB.
  2. Powers and functions.
  3. CPCB vs State Pollution Control Boards.
  4. Composition of CPCB.

Mains Link:

Discuss the functions of CPCB.

Sources: PIB.