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What is Arab League?

Topics Covered: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

What is Arab League?


It is a regional organization of Arab countries in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.

Formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 with six members: Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Currently, the League has 22 members, but Syria’s participation has been suspended since November 2011, as a consequence of government repression during the Syrian Civil War.

  • Main goal is to “draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries “.

Why in News?

In a response to the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain normalising their ties with Israel, the Palestinian Authority has formally stepped down from a key role in the Arab League.

What’s the issue?

The United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Bahrain signed deals in Washington on September 15, which despite being hailed as “the dawn of the new Middle East” by the Trump Administration, drew criticism from the Palestinians – seen as a serious blow to their efforts to end illegal Israeli occupation and achieve an independent state.

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InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Arab league- formation.
  2. Composition.
  3. Functions.
  4. Israel- Palestine issue.
  5. Two- Nation theory.

Mains Link:

What does US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital mean to various stakeholders? Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.