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Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority:

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority:


EPCA is a Supreme Court mandated body tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in the National Capital Region.

It was notified in 1998 by Environment Ministry under the Environment Protection Act, 1986.

Composition:

Besides the chairman, the EPCA has 14 members, some of whom are the environment secretary of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), chairperson of the New Delhi Municipal Council, transport commissioner of the NCT, the commissioners of various municipal corporations of Delhi and professors at IIT Delhi and Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Powers:

It has the power suo-moto, or on the basis of complaints made by any individual, representative body or organization functioning in the field of environment.

Functions:

  • To protect and improve quality of environment and prevent and control environmental pollution in National Capital Region.
  • To enforce Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) in NCR as per the pollution levels.
Why in News?

EPCA recently wrote to the chief secretaries of Punjab and Haryana stating that early burning of crop residue was taking place and urged them to address the issue “urgently”.

grap

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Is EPCA a statutory body?
  2. When and why was it established?
  3. Powers and functions.
  4. Composition.
  5. What is Graded Response Action Plan?

Mains Link:

What is stubble burning? Why is it a cause for concern? Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.