Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Why in News?
Kakatii Devi temple built by Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva in Dharanikota (Andhra Pradesh) converted into an abode of local Goddess ‘Balusulamma’.
- The presiding deity at this 13th century temple was Kakati Devi, the tutelary deity of Kakatiya rulers.
- Ganapati Deva is the first king who introduced the worship of Kakati Devi into the coastal region of Andhra and outside the dominions of his kingdom.
- Architectural significance of the temple: The ceiling bears decorations of lotus medallions and no sikhara on its top. These architectural features are totally akin to their counterparts found in shrines at Hanamkonda and Warangal fort etc.
About kakatiya dynasty-Key facts:
The 12th and the 13th centuries saw the emergence of the Kakatiyas.
They were at first the feudatories of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyana, ruling over a small territory near Warangal.
- The dynasty saw powerful leaders like Ganapathi Deva and Rudramadevi.
- Prataparudra I, also known as Kakatiya Rudradeva, was the son of the Kakatiya leader Prola II. It was under his rule that the Kakatiyas declared sovereignty. He ruled the kingdom till 1195 A.D.
- It was under the rule of Prataparudra I that usage of Telugu language in inscriptions began.
- Before the establishment of Orugallu/Warangal as the capital, Hanamakonda was the first capital of the Kakatiyas.
- The great Italian traveller Marco Polo visited the Kakatiya Kingdom sometime during Rudramadevi’s tenure as the ruler of the Kakatiya Dynasty and made note of her administrative style; admiring her extensively.
Art and architecture:
- The iconic Kakatiya Thoranam was built by Rudramadevi’s father in the 12th Century. This ornate arch is said to have many similarities with the gateways at the Sanchi Stupa and is also the emblem of Telangana.
- The scenic Pakhal lake in Warangal was built by Ganapathi Deva.
- The 1000 pillar temple in Warangal was built during the Kakatiya Rule and is another example to the exquisite Kakatiya Architecture.
- The Koh-i-Noor Diamond, which is now among the jewels set in the British Crown, was mined and first owned by the Kakatiya Dynasty.
Under the Kakatiya rule, the caste system was not rigid and in fact, it was not given much significance socially. Anyone could take up any profession and people were not bound to an occupation by birth.
The Kakatiya rule finally came to an end in 1323 A.D. when Warangal was conquered by the Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, the then Sultan of Delhi.
- Who established Kakatiya kingdom?
- Pakhal lake was built by?
- Kakatiya Thoranam was constructed by?
- How Kakatiya rule came to an end?
- How was caste system during the rule of Kakatiyas?
Sources: the Hindu.