InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically.
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 2:
GS Paper 3:
Facts for Prelims:
1. Sloth Bear and Nandankanan Zoological Park.
2. VAIBHAV Summit.
3. World Bamboo Day.
GS Paper : 2
Topics Covered: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Delhi high court has ordered schools (Both Private and Government) to provide gadgets and internet access to students from economically weaker section (EWS) and disadvantaged groups (DG) categories to assist in their online education during the Covid-19 crisis.
What’s the issue?
The court passed the order over concerns that these EWS category students were unable to sustain their online studies due to a lack of resources and unavailability of laptops and mobile phones during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Why such measures are necessary? Observations made by the High Court:
- To address discrimination: All students do not have access to such facilities. The intra-class discrimination, upsets the level playing field and amounts to discrimination as well as creates a vertical division, digital divide or digital gap or digital apartheid in addition to segregation in a classroom which is violative of RTE, 2009, and Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution.
- A financial barrier: Such mode of teaching will erect a financial barrier for EWS/DG category students by not providing the required equipment, preventing them from pursuing their elementary education.
The Court has made it clear that the private unaided schools will be entitled to claim reimbursement of reasonable cost for procurement of the gadget and Internet package from the government under Section 12(2) of the RTE Act.
About the Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009:
The RTE Act aims to provide primary education to all children aged 6 to 14 years.
It enforces Education as a Fundamental Right (Article 21).
- The act mandates 25% reservation for disadvantaged sections of the society.
- It also makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class.
- It also states that sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments.
- It also provides for prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational work, other than decennial census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief.
- It had a clause for “No Detention Policy” which has been removed under The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019.
It lays down the norms and standards related to:
- Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs).
- Buildings and infrastructure.
- School-working days.
- Teacher-working hours.
- Rights Under Article 21.
- Overview of Articles 14 and 20.
- Key features of RTE Act.
- Amendments to RTE Act.
Discuss the key features of RTE Act.
Sources: the Hindu.
Topics Covered: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
As per the information provided by Union Minister of Textiles, under Samarth, 18 State Governments have been allocated a training target of 3.6 lakh beneficiaries for conducting training programme in traditional and organized sectors.
About Samarth Scheme:
Also known as the ‘Scheme for Capacity Building in Textile Sector (SCBTS)’.
Implemented by the Ministry of Textiles.
It seeks to Provide demand driven, placement oriented National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) compliant skilling programmes.
To train 10.00 lakh persons (9 lakhs in organised & 1 lakh in traditional sector) excluding Spinning & Weaving in the organized Sector.
- Training of Trainers (ToT).
- Aadhar Enabled Biometric Attendance System (AEBAS).
- CCTV recording of training programme.
- Dedicated call centre with helpline number.
- Textile Industry.
- Institutions/Organization of the Ministry of Textiles/State Governments having training infrastructure and placement tie-ups with textile industry.
- Reputed training institutions/ NGOs/ Societies/ Trusts/ Organizations/ Companies /Start Ups / Entrepreneurs active in textile sector having placement tie-ups with textile industry.
- Implementing Ministry.
- Objectives and targets of the scheme.
- Launch year.
- Other schemes of the textile sector.
Discuss the significance of the scheme.
Topics Covered: India and its neighbourhood- relations.
September 19 marks the 60th anniversary of the Indus Water Treaty (IWT) between India and Pakistan.
About the Indus Water Treaty:
It is a Water-Distribution Treaty, signed in Karachi in 1960, between India (PM Jawaharlal Nehru) and Pakistan (President Ayub Khan), brokered by the World Bank.
Who has control over what?
- Under the treaty, India has control over water flowing in the eastern rivers– Beas, Ravi and Sutlej.
- Pakistan has control over the western rivers– Indus, Chenab and Jhelum.
Water for other purposes:
- India is allowed to use 20% water of the western rivers for irrigation, power generation and transport purposes.
- It also granted 3.6 million acre-feet (MAF) of “permissible storage capacity” to India on the western rivers.
Key features of the treaty:
- As per the treaty, the water commissioners of Pakistan and India are required to meet twice a year and arrange technical visits to projects’ sites and critical river head works.
- Both the sides share details of the water flow and the quantum of water being used under the treaty.
- The treaty sets out a mechanism for cooperation and information exchange between the two countries regarding their use of the rivers.
- Indus and its tributaries.
- When was Indus Water treaty signed?
- Who brokered the treaty?
- Highlights of the treaty?
- Functions of Permanent Indus Commission.
- Hydroelectric projects in News in this regard.
Discuss the significance of Indus Water Treaty.
Sources: Indian Express.
GS Paper : 3
Topics Covered: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
On the occasion of International Coastal Clean-Up Day (Celebrated since 1986), for the first time eight beaches of India are recommended for the coveted International eco-label, the Blue flag certification.
- International Coastal Clean-Up Day is marked each year on the third Saturday of September as an initiative of the Washington-based Ocean Conservancy, a volunteer effort for ocean health.
The eight beaches recommended are:
Shivrajpur in Gujarat, Ghoghla in Daman and Diu, Kasarkod and Padubidri in Karnataka, Kappad in Kerala, Rushikonda in Andhra Pradesh, Golden in Odisha and Radhanagar in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
About Blue flag programme:
The Blue Flag Programme for beaches and marinas is run by the international, non-governmental, non-profit organisation FEE (the Foundation for Environmental Education).
- It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987, and in areas outside Europe since 2001, when South Africa joined.
The ‘Blue Flag’ beach is an ‘eco-tourism model’ and marks out beaches as providing tourists and beachgoers clean and hygienic bathing water, facilities/amenities, a safe and healthy environment, and sustainable development of the area.
- Japan and South Korea are the only countries in South and southeastern Asia to have Blue Flag beaches.
- Spain tops the list with 566 such beaches; Greece and France follow with 515 and 395, respectively.
There are nearly 33 criteria that must be met to qualify for a Blue Flag certification, such as the water meeting certain quality standards, having waste disposal facilities, being disabled- friendly, have first aid equipment, and no access to pets in the main areas of the beach. Some criteria are voluntary and some compulsory.
Beaches identified in India:
- 13 pilot beaches have been identified for the certification.
- Chandrabhaga beach of Odisha’s Konark coast is the first to complete the tag certification process.
- About Blue Flag certification.
- Programme implemented by?
- Announced by?
- India’s and Asia’s first beach to get this certificate.
- Country having highest number of blue flag beaches.
Write a note on the Blue flag programme.
Topics Covered: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
India has launched its own eco-label BEAMS (Beach Environment & Aesthetics Management Services) under ICZM (Integrated Coastal Zone Management) project.
- BEAMS has been prepared over two years by the Society of Integrated Coastal Management (SICOM) under MoEFCC.
Its objective is to:
- Abate pollution in coastal waters.
- Promote sustainable development of beach facilities.
- Protect and conserve coastal ecosystems and natural resources.
- Maintain high standards of cleanliness, hygiene and safety for beachgoers in accordance with coastal environment and regulations.
What is ICZM Project?
ICZM aims to improve livelihood of coastal communities and conserve the coastal ecosystem.
- It is a World Bank assisted project.
- The National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), Chennai, will provide scientific and technical inputs.
The concept of ICZM was born in 1992 during the Earth Summit of Rio de Janeiro.
Facts for Prelims
Sloth Bear and Nandankanan Zoological Park:
Why in News?
Concerns over the back-to-back deaths of two sloth bears at the park.
IUCN status of Sloth Bear- Vulnerable.
About the Park:
- Located in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
- Adjacent to Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary.
Uniqueness of the Zoo:
- It is the only zoological park in India to become an institutional member of World Association of Zoos and Aquarium (WAZA).
- Host zoo for white tigers. White tigers born to normal coloured parents in the year 1980.
- First captive breeding centre for endangered Gharials in the year 1980.
- Kanjia Lake – A wetland of National importance (2006).
- Conservation Breeding Centres for Indian Pangolin and Long billed vultures.
- Largest pools for housing Gharials and Hippopotamus.
- First record of breeding of Indian Ratels in captivity (in 2012).
- Only zoo in India after which an express train (Nandankanan Express) has been named by Indian Railways.
- One among the three zoos in India for breeding Long billed vulture.
- First birth of Melanistic tiger in captivity in the year 2014.
Vaishwik Bharatiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) Summit will be inaugurated on 2nd October 2020 – the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
- It is a global summit of Overseas and Resident Indian scientists and academicians.
The Summit is a joint effort of various Science & Technology (S&T) and Academic organisations, including Department of S&T, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- To bring out the comprehensive roadmap to leverage the expertise and knowledge of global Indian researchers for solving emerging challenges.
- To reflect in-depth on the collaboration and cooperation instruments with academia and scientists in India.
- To create an ecosystem of Knowledge and Innovation in the country through global outreach.
World Bamboo Day:
Observed annually on September 18th.
- Officially established by the World Bamboo organization at the 8th World Bamboo Congress held in Bangkok in 2009.
- Theme for 2020: ‘BAMBOO NOW.’
- World Bamboo Organization was set up at the 1992 International Bamboo Congress in Japan.
The Indian Forest Act 1927 was amended in 2017 to remove bamboo for the category of trees.