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What are the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region? Elaborate upon the key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What are the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region? Elaborate upon the key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Why the question:

While climate change is global, changes in climate are not expected to be uniform across the planet. For instance, Arctic temperatures are rising much faster than the global average, and rates of sea-level rise vary significantly across the world. Thus important for us to examine the regional trend in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss straightforward the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region and also Elaborate upon the Key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

India is a vast country with many climate zones. The regional climate over the Indian subcontinent involves complex interactions of the atmosphere–ocean– land–Cryosphere system on different space and time scales. In addition, anthropogenic activities have influenced the regional climate in recent decades.

Body:

Discuss in detail the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region such as – food security, Agriculture systems, water security, Energy infrastructure and supply, coastal ecosystem etc.

Also explain its effect on human health, social issues, cascading of climatic hazards etc.

Then discuss the key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change.

Conclusion:

Conclude that If India is to successfully tackle climate change—both in terms of mitigation and adaptation—it will need to address several complex, intertwined challenges- local as well as global.