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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 September 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. llustrate the vertical and latitudinal distribution of temperature in ocean waters along with factors responsible for such a distribution. (250 words)

Reference: Geography by G C Leong

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper 1, subject geography.

Key Demand of the question:

One must illustrate the vertical and latitudinal distribution of temperature in ocean waters along with factors responsible for such a distribution.

Directive:

Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by commenting briefly upon the oceans of the world in general.

Body:

Giving a brief introduction, discuss the vertical and latitudinal (horizontal) distribution of temperature in ocean.

 The study of temperature of the oceans is important for studying the movement of large volumes of water, distribution of marine organisms, other properties such as salinity. This distribution pattern of temperature of ocean water can be studied through two ways – vertical and latitudinal distribution.

Enumerate the factors responsible for the above distribution.

Use appropriate examples wherever necessary

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it.

 

Topic : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. “Megalithic economy was a subsistent economy”. In the light of the statement, comment on the Megalithic economy. (250 words)

Reference: NCERT class XI Ancient Indian history by R S Sharma

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, portions of ancient India.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way Megalithic economy was a subsistent economy and comment in detail upon the features of its economy.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

A detailed analysis of the available archaeological, archaeobotanical and archaeozoological data recently by U.S. Moorti (1993), and their correlation with certain environmental factors indicates an agro-pastoral base for the megalithic period of South India, with other crafts coming to the fore and all plausibly intertwined in a symbiotic relationship with each other.

Body:

In the answer body one must explain in detail in what way Megalith economy was a subsistent economy.

Discuss how the basis for their economy was mainly – agriculture, pastoralism, hunting and fishing etc.

Elaborate with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Thus, we can say that the megalithic people practised a highly specialized agro-pastoral economy. The divergent economic patterns, which seem to have prevailed then, as is the case even now, were not isolated but had a symbiotic relationship with each other.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. Discuss the evolution of Seventh Schedule of the Indian constitution? Do you think there is a need to relook and revise the Seventh Schedule? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The dealings with the recent COVID pandemic have highlighted the issues with the distribution of subjects between the centre and states. The fragmented manner in which the laws have been invoked highlighted a lack of clarity in how the Centre and States have interpreted their roles under the Constitution as it stands. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the evolution of Seventh Schedule of the Indian constitution and justify if there is a need to relook and revise the Seventh Schedule.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what seventh schedule is about. The Seventh Schedule contains a three-fold distribution of legislative subjects between the Centre and the states, viz., List-I (the Union List), List-II (the State List) and List-III (the Concurrent List). Discuss its origin.

Body:

Although the Centre and the states are supreme in their respective domains, harmony and coordination between them is essential for the effective operation of the federal system. Hence, the Constitution contains elaborate provisions to regulate the various dimensions of the relations between the Centre and States.

For example, the current COVID pandemic is primarily a health and public order issue (State subjects). various states imposed lockdown by invoking Epidemic Disease Act, 1897. However, given the highly communicable nature of the disease and to ensure consistency in the application and implementation of various measures across the country, the central government invoked Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act) to impose a blanket lockdown across the country. Disaster Management Act being highly centralized in its nature restricts the space for states to maneuver its options in accordance with prevalent local conditions. d the states. One such provision is the Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

Explain its significance, and discuss the kind of revision and relook that it requires.

Conclusion:

The question of division of powers and responsibilities between the centre and the states has cropped up in several legislative proposals thus it’s time to relook and revisit the process.

 


General Studies – 3


 

 Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What are the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region? Elaborate upon the key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Why the question:

While climate change is global, changes in climate are not expected to be uniform across the planet. For instance, Arctic temperatures are rising much faster than the global average, and rates of sea-level rise vary significantly across the world. Thus important for us to examine the regional trend in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss straightforward the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region and also Elaborate upon the Key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

India is a vast country with many climate zones. The regional climate over the Indian subcontinent involves complex interactions of the atmosphere–ocean– land–Cryosphere system on different space and time scales. In addition, anthropogenic activities have influenced the regional climate in recent decades.

Body:

Discuss in detail the implications of changing climate on various aspects of Indian region such as – food security, Agriculture systems, water security, Energy infrastructure and supply, coastal ecosystem etc.

Also explain its effect on human health, social issues, cascading of climatic hazards etc.

Then discuss the key actions taken by India towards combating and adapting to climate change.

Conclusion:

Conclude that If India is to successfully tackle climate change—both in terms of mitigation and adaptation—it will need to address several complex, intertwined challenges- local as well as global.

 

 Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. 5G technology presents India with an opportunity to become a leader in one of the omnipresent technologies of the future, yet there are many challenges that need to be addressed. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: Times of India 

Why the question:

It is estimated that, 5G technology will considerably change the world around us by enabling a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the 5G technology, its opportunities and the challenges associated with it and discuss the way forward.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

It is estimated that, 5G technology will considerably change the world around us by enabling a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.

Body:

Explain that a recent 5G Economy study has estimated that by the year 2035, 5G technology will generate $13.2 Trillion dollars of global economic output by supporting a wide range of industries. It also estimated that 5G value chain (including Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEMs), operators, content creators, app developers, and consumers) could alone support up to 22.3 million jobs globally.

Discuss the prospects in brief. Then move onto explain how adoption of 5G Technology could generate a cyber-security challenge.

Conclusion:

5G technology presents India with an opportunity to become a leader in one of the omnipresent technologies of the future. India must embrace this opportunity by deploying 5G networks early, efficiently, and pervasively. Though there are several challenges from domestic deficiencies to geopolitical quagmires. But, India has often leapfrogged the curve in adoption of the latest telecommunications technologies like 4G in the past. Amid the rising connectivity demands during COVID-19, the time is ripe to make rapid strides towards 5G deployment.

 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

6. Discuss the role of media in disaster management in India. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu .

Why the question:

In the context of the current Covid situation, discuss the role of media in disaster management in India.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the role of media in disaster management in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what Disaster management is. Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters. Disaster management in India has evolved from a reactive, relief-based approach to a pro-active multidimensional holistic approach for reducing risk due to disasters.

Body:

Media can prove to be of immense use in different phases including pre-disaster, during disaster and post disaster.

Explain in detail the role that Media can play during the disaster management. Explain using suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Thus media in all forms has a crucial role to play in disaster management; however, it should be done in the right spirit and with caution to achieve the desired objectives. Proper guidelines and standard operating procedures can be established to ensure constructive role of media during such situations.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. In your own words, explain Kant’s principle of Ends. Do you think that this could be a useful model principal for you in everyday life? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is premised on the Kantian principle of ends.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain Kant’s principle of Ends and also explain how this could be a useful model principal for you in everyday life.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define the principle of ends as propounded by Kant.

Body:

The word “end” in this phrase has the same meaning as in the phrase “means to an end”.

The philosopher Immanuel Kant said that rational human beings should be treated as an end in themselves and not as a means to something else. The fact that we are human has value in itself. If a person is an end-in-themself it means their inherent value doesn’t depend on anything else – it doesn’t depend on whether the person is enjoying their life, or making other people’s lives better. We exist, so we have value.

Explain using suitable examples how this could be a useful model principal for you in everyday life.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


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