Topic : Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
1. Explaining the concept of regionalism, elaborate on the different forms that regionalism has taken in India. (250 words)
Reference: Insights on India
Why the question:
The question is premised on the concept of regionalism.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the concept of regionalism and elaborate on the different forms that regionalism has taken in India.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Give a brief explanation on the concept of regionalism.
Regionalism can be defined as a phenomenon in which people’s political loyalties become focused upon a region. In other words, it implies people’s love of a particular region in preference to the country and in certain cases in preference to the state of which the region is a part.
Explain that Regionalism in India is rooted in India’s diversity of languages, cultures, tribes, economic interests etc. It is also encouraged by the geographical concentration of these identity makers in particular regions, and fuelled by a sense of regional deprivation. Indian federalism has been a means of accommodating these regional sentiments such as by formation of new states such as Telangana.
Move on to discuss various forms of regionalism existing in India. Explain why regionalism is often seen to be opposed to national integration.
Conclude that however, regionalism is not always opposed to national integration. It may also lead to higher intergroup solidarity and induce competition for betterment when certain genuine demands, especially developmental are conceded.