Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. ” Conservation of soil biodiversity, soil organic carbon through sustainable farming practices should be deemed essential to improve agricultural land health and productivity” Discuss. (250 words)
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
The article brings to us special highlights of the correlation between enhanced food security and soil biodiversity in the country.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain the significance of conservation of soil biodiversity soil organic carbon through sustainable farming practices and how their essential to improve agricultural land health and productivity.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with some key facts that justify the question statement and bring to us the ground picture of agricultural systems currently in the country.
Explain that Soil needs to be considered as an ecological system and a finite resource. Conservation of soil biodiversity and soil organic carbon (SOC) through sustainable farming practices should be deemed essential to improve upon agricultural land health and productivity.
Improved soil biodiversity is closely correlated with an increase in carbon stored in soil, for it sequesters organic carbon and is a natural carbon sink. It is, therefore, imperative in reducing GHG emissions.
The global carbon (C) cycle includes a significant C stock in terrestrial soils, including agricultural soils. Global land and soil degradation is strongly linked to the depletion of this stock.
Establish the link between conservation of soil with food security. Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction.
It is hoped that future policy will support the farming and conservation community to work together in feeding the world whilst at the same time promoting sustainable, viable and applicable agro ecological practices towards sequestering carbon and conserving the rich diversity of life on the planet.