Topic : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
1. “Without PILs, corruption, nepotism and bias in executive actions will remain unchallenged.” In the context of the statement discuss the significance of PIL in the country. (250 words)
Reference: The Wire
Why the question:
The article explains the fact that the Supreme Court’s greatest gift is the PIL and it is here to stay, whatever critics may say.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the significance of PIL to the country and judiciary in specific.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Narrate briefly the coming of PIL into picture; its origin and background.
The Constitution of India promises to secure to all its citizens, justice – social, economic and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and opportunity; and to promote among them all, fraternity, assuring the dignity of the individual. These are the fundamental goals of our constitution.
Explain that the Supreme Court has done a great service to the nation in rendering a large number of judgments in differing situations to enforce the fundamental rights of citizens, individually or collectively. The width and breadth of the writs, orders and directions granted have served public interests beyond imagination.
Millions and millions of Indians have benefitted by the intervention of the Supreme Court. Besides, millions more have benefitted under the orders of high courts across the country exercising jurisdiction in PILs.
Give examples to substantiate.
Conclude with importance of it.