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Postage Stamp released on A-SAT

Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Postage Stamp released on A-SAT:


A Customized My Stamp on India’s First Anti Satellite Missile (A-SAT) launch was released by the Department of Posts on the occasion of Engineers Day.

Background:

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (A-SAT) missile test ‘Mission Shakti’ from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha on 27th March 2019.

  • A DRDO developed A-SAT Missile successfully engaged an Indian orbiting target satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) in a ‘Hit to Kill’ mode.
  • The interceptor missile was a three-stage missile with two solid rocket boosters.

Significance:

India is only the 4th country to acquire such a specialised and modern capability, and Entire effort is indigenous.

  • Till now, only the US, Russia and China had the capability to hit a live target in space.

Does the test create space debris?

The test was done in the lower atmosphere to ensure that there is no space debris. Whatever debris that is generated will decay and fall back onto the earth within weeks.

What is the international law on weapons in outer space?

The principal international Treaty on space is the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. The Outer Space Treaty prohibits only weapons of mass destruction in outer space, not ordinary weapons.

  • India is a signatory to this treaty, and ratified it in 1982.

space

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Key features of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty.
  2. About DRDO.
  3. What is A-SAT missile?
  4. What is Mission Shakti?

Mains Link:

What is Mission Shakti? Discuss its significance.

Sources: PIB.