Topic : GS-2: India and its neighborhood- relations. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
GS-3: basics of cyber security
3. Critically analyse the nature of the cyber security threat from China being faced by India in the recent times. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
An elaborate operation by a Shenzen-based technology company with links to the government in Beijing and the Chinese Communist Party, to keep tabs on a very large number of individuals and entities in India has been in news recently.
Key Demand of the question:
Analyse critically the nature of the cyber security threat from China being faced by India in the recent times.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining the background of the question.
The company, Zhenhua Data Information Technology Co. Limited, calls itself a pioneer in using big data for “hybrid warfare” and the “great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation”. China’s authoritarian government, ruling party, military, and many private companies frequently operate as a giant, coordinated operation, of which countries around the world are targets.
Discuss the recent cyber powers that China has attained. Explain how they pose deeper threats on countries like India.
Discuss what should India do, suggest ways and means of preparedness that India should be ready with.