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About the Policy on Promotion of City Compost

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

About the Policy on Promotion of City Compost:

Key points:

  • To process and use city waste as compost, the Policy on Promotion of City Compost was approved in 2016.
  • Under the policy, assistance of Rs 1,500 per tonne of city compost will be provided to fertilizer companies for marketing and promotion of city compost.
  • Announced by the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.

What’s the issue now?

The lack of an appropriate market and ineffective implementation hasn’t given this much-needed practice the desired popularity.

  • Besides, the high manufacturing and selling cost of the compost, questionable product quality, no direct incentive/subsidy to farmers and lack of knowledge among other concerns, ensured city compost didn’t become a popular option for farmers.

Potential for city compost:

India currently produces close to 1.5 lakh tonnes of solid waste every day and its biodegradable fraction ranges between 30 per cent and 70 per cent for various Indian cities. This means there is a huge potential for compositing, the most natural form of processing wet waste.

 Why this is a serious issue?

Uncontrolled decomposition of organic waste in dumpsites also leads to emission of potent greenhouse gases. So, it is imperative that necessary actions be taken to promote appropriate disposal mechanisms for solid waste management.



Prelims Link:

  1. When and who launched this scheme?
  2. Financial assistance under the scheme.
  3. What is compost?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of this scheme.

Sources: PIB.