Topic : Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
7. The bureaucracy in India is facing a number of serious challenges from diminishing human capital to political interference that, if left unaddressed, will lead to further institutional decline. Discuss. How can these challenges be addressed? (250 words)
Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G SubbaRao and P N Chowdhary
Why the question:
The context is of the declining institution of Bureaucracy and the factors responsible for it.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in detail the factors responsible for such an institutional decline, how these challenges can be addressed.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining the fact that Indian bureaucracy is mired by several obstacles, which can lead to its institutional decline and have far reaching consequences, if left unaddressed.
The body of the answer must explore on the following dimensions in detail –
- State the challenges that the bureaucracy in India faces.
- Mention the consequences if these challenges remain unaddressed.
- Discuss the reforms that are required to address the challenges.
Conclude with solutions and highlight the efforts of the government in this direction, suggest way forward.