Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
4. Amidst rising number of cancer cases in the country, discuss the necessary steps to be taken to help reduce India’s cancer burden. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article discusses the necessary steps to be taken to help reduce India’s cancer burden.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the steps necessary to be taken to reduce the cancer burden in the country.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
As per the data provided by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)-National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR) National Cancer Registry Programme Report of August 2020, there are an estimated 13.9 lakh cancer cases in India.
India has witnessed a steady rise in cancer cases over the years. India’s cancer burden has increased by 2.6 times between 1990 to 2016.
A study tracing the growing burden of cancer in India states that most of the increases in cancer incidences are attributable to its epidemiological transition and improvement in the use of cancer diagnostics.
Discuss the various factors responsible for it.
Suggest steps that need to be taken.
Conclude with solutions to address the issue.