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What are Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) and VPRP?

Topics Covered: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

What are Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) and VPRP?


Why in News?

With the current Covid-19 situation, DAY-NRLM has designed an online training program to train all State Missions across the country on Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP), in partnership with Kudumbashree (National Resource Organisation), National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR), Hyderabad and Ministry of Panchayati Raj.

What are Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP)?

GPDP is conducted from 2nd October to 31st December, every year across the country, under the People’s Plan Campaign (PPC).

  • Local bodies, across the country are expected to prepare context specific, need based GPDP.
  • It brings together both the citizens and their elected representatives in the decentralized planning processes.

What are Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP)?

PPC guidelines and the joint advisory issued by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Ministry of Rural Development, has mandated Self Help Groups and their federations under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) to participate in the annual GPDP planning process and prepare the Village Poverty Reduction Plan (VPRP).

  • VPRP is a comprehensive demand plan which needs to be integrated with the Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).
  • The VPRP is presented in the Gram Sabha meetings from Oct. to Dec. every year.

Demands under VPRP are categorized into five major components:

  1. Social inclusion – plan for inclusion of vulnerable people/household into SHGs under NRLM
  2. Entitlement – demand for various schemes such as MGNREGS, SBM, NSAP, PMAY, Ujjwala, Ration card etc.
  3. Livelihoods – specific demand for enhancing livelihood through developing agriculture, animal husbandry, production and service enterprises and skilled training for placement etc.
  4. Public Goods and Services – demand for necessary basic infrastructure, for renovation of the existing infrastructure and for better service delivery
  5. Resource Development – demand for protection and development of natural resources like land, water, forest and other locally available resources
  6. Social Development – plans prepared for addressing specific social development issues of a village under the low cost no cost component of GPDP.

InstaFact:

The Article 243G of the Constitution intended to empower the Gram Panchayats (GPs) by enabling the State Governments to devolve powers and authority in respect of all 29 Subjects listed in the Eleventh Schedule for local planning and implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Article 243G of the Indian Constitution is related to?
  2. 11th schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  3. What is People’s Plan Campaign (PPC)?
  4. What are Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP)? Who prepares them?
  5. What are Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP)?

Mains Link:

Discuss the significance of Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP).

Sources: PIB.