Topics Covered: Economics of animal rearing.
Rashtriya Gokul Mission:
Why in News?
PM recently inaugurated the following under Rashtriya Gokul Mission:
- Semen Station with state of the art facilities in Purnea, Bihar.
- IVF lab established at Animal Sciences University, Patna.
- Sex sorted semen in artificial insemination by Baroni Milk Union in Begusarai district of Bihar.
What is Rashtriya Gokul Mission:
To conserve and develop indigenous bovine breeds, government launched ‘Rashtriya Gokul Mission’ in 2014 under the National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD).
What are the main objectives of the mission?
- developmentt and conservation of indigenous breeds.
- undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock.
- enhance milk production and productivity.
- upgrade nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.
- distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.
How is the scheme implemented?
- Implemented through the “State Implementing Agency (SIA viz Livestock Development Boards).
- State Gauseva Ayogs will be given the mandate to sponsor proposals to the SIA’s (LDB’s) and monitor implementation of the sponsored proposal.
- All Agencies having a role in indigenous cattle development will be the “Participating Agencies” like CFSPTI, CCBFs, ICAR, Universities, Colleges, NGO’s, Cooperative Societies and Gaushalas with best germplasm.
What are Gokul Grams?
Funds under the scheme will be allocated for the establishment of Integrated Indigenous Cattle Centres viz “Gokul Gram”.
Where they can be established? Gokul Grams will be established in: i) the native breeding tracts and ii) near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle.
Roles and responsibilities of Gokul Grams:
- Act as Centres for development of Indigenous Breeds and a dependable source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers in the breeding tract.
- They will be self sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of A2 milk (A2 milkis cow’s milk that mostly lacks a form of β-casein proteins called A1 and instead has mostly the A2 form), organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from bio gas for in house consumption and sale of animal products.
- They will also function as state of the art in situ training centre for Farmers, Breeders and MAITRI’s.
- The Gokul Gram will maintain milch and unproductive animals in the ratio of 60:40 and will have the capacity to maintain about 1000 animals. Nutritional requirements of the animals will be provided in the Gokul Gram through in house fodder production.
- Metropolitan Gokul Gram will focus on genetic upgradation of urban cattle.
- What are Gokul Grams?
- Can they be established in Metropolitan cities?
- Milch and unproductive animals ratio to be maintained by Gokul Grams.
- About the National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD).
- When was the Rashtriya Gokul Mission launched?
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