InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically.
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 1:
GS Paper 2:
GS Paper 3:
Facts for Prelims:
1. South India’s 1st and country’s 2nd Kisan Train.
2. Rafale aircraft.
3. Shikshak Parv Initiative.
5. WHO South East Asia region.
6. National Statistical Organisation’s (NSO) latest report on education.
GS Paper : 1
Topics Covered: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
133rd Birth Anniversary observed on 10th September.
About Govind Ballabh Pant:
- Pant was born on 10 September 1887 in what is now Uttarakhand, at Almora.
- In Kashipur, he established an organisation called Prem Sabha that started working towards several reforms.
- He also saved a school from shutting down due to non-payment of taxes to the British government.
Offices he held:
- In December 1921, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, which he later renamed Uttar Pradesh.
- He was elected as a candidate of the Swaraj Party from Nainital.
- In the 1937 provincial elections held under the Government of India Act, 1935, Pant was appointed premier. He served the post till 1939, when all Congress ministers resigned after the British committed India to the Second World War of its own accord.
- In the United Provinces election held in 1946, Pant was once again appointed the premier.
- First chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- He served as India’s home minister from 1955 to 1961. It was during his tenure that states were reorganised on linguistic lines.
- During his tenure, he raised several important issues like the need to abolish the zamindari system and championed the cause of forest preservation.
- He also worked to protect farmers from excessive rents levied by the British government.
- He encouraged many cottage industries in the country and raised his voice against the coolie-beggar law, which forced porters to transport the heavy luggage of British officials without any payment.
- Following Gandhi’s footsteps, Pant also organised a massive salt movement in the United Provinces. In May 1930, he was arrested and held at Dehradun jail.
- He also protested against the Simon Commission.
- Pant was always against a separate electorate for minorities, saying the step would further divide communities.
Awards and Honours:
In 1957, Pant was awarded India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.
- Offices held by GB Pant before independence.
- Offices held after independence.
- Awards and honours.
- Prem Sabha organisation- objectives.
- Involvement in freedom struggle.
- His views on separate electorates.
Write a note on GB Pant and his contributions to the freedom movement.
GS Paper : 2
Topics Covered: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
Congress has renewed its campaign seeking the Deputy Speaker’s position in the Lok Sabha.
- The Lok Sabha has not had a Deputy Speaker for the last 15 months. Instead, a panel of MPs has been assisting the Speaker.
About Deputy Speaker:
Article 93 of the Constitution provides for the election of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker.
- The constitutional office of the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha is more symbolic of parliamentary democracy than some real authority.
- There is no need to resign from their original party though as a Deputy Speaker, they have to remain impartial.
Roles and functions:
They act as the presiding officer in case of leave or absence caused by death or illness of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
Usually, the Deputy Speaker is elected in the first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the General elections from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha.
- It is by convention that position of Deputy Speaker is offered to opposition party in India.
Tenure and removal:
- They hold office until either they cease to be a member of the Lok Sabha or they resign.
- They can be removed from office by a resolution passed in the Lok Sabha by an effective majority of its members.
There is a constitution-mandated panel of 10 members to preside over the proceedings of the Lok Sabha in the absence of Speaker.
- Constitutional provisions related to the office of Deputy Speaker.
- Roles and functions.
- Appointment and election.
- Does he need to resign from his party after being elected?
- Tenure and removal.
The constitutional office of the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha is more symbolic of parliamentary democracy than some real authority. Discuss.
Sources: the Hindu.
Topics Covered: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
The Supreme Court had sought the amicus report on pending cases against legislators on the basis of a petition.
- The report was recently filed by the apex court’s amicus curiae and senior advocate Vijay Hansaria.
- There are a total 4,442 cases pending against legislators across the country. Of this, the number of cases against sitting Members of Parliament and members of State legislatures was 2,556.
- The cases were pending in various special courts exclusively set up to try criminal cases registered against politicians.
- The cases against the legislators include that of corruption, money laundering, damage to public property, defamation and cheating.
- A large number of cases were for violation of Section 188 IPC for wilful disobedience and obstruction of orders promulgated by public servants.
- There are 413 cases in respect of offences, which are punishable with imprisonment for life, out of which in 174 cases sitting MPs/ MLAs are accused.
- A large number of cases were pending at the appearance stage and even non-bailable warrants (NBWs) issued by courts have not been executed.
- Highest number of cases are pending in Uttar Pradesh.
What does the RPA say on this?
Currently, under the Representation of Peoples (RP) Act, lawmakers cannot contest elections only after their conviction in a criminal case.
- Section 8 of the Representation of the People (RP) Act, 1951 disqualifies a person convicted with a sentence of two years or more from contesting elections. But those under trial continued to be eligible to contest elections.
Main reasons for Criminalization:
- Vote bank.
- Lack of governance.
What is the way out?
- Political parties should themselves refuse tickets to the tainted.
- The RP Act should be amended to debar persons against whom cases of a heinous nature are pending from contesting elections.
- Fast-track courtsshould decide the cases of tainted legislators quickly.
- Bring greater transparency in campaign financing.
- The Election Commission of India (ECI) should have the power to audit the financial accounts of political parties.
- Section 8 of the RP Act.
- SC guidelines in this regard.
- ECI- composition and functions.
- CEC- appointment.
- Powers of Election Commission on matters related to election of candidates.
Discuss the concerns associated criminalisation of politics and what the Supreme Court done to address these concerns?
Sources: the Hindu.
Topics Covered: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
The Supreme Court has agreed to examine a petition seeking “legal entity” status to the entire animal kingdom.
What’s the demand?
The demand is to give animals a “legal personality”. This means bestowing on animals, by judicial direction, the capacity to sue and be sued in courts of law.
- This mainly stems from SC’s interpretation of the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution, with the effect the word “life” includes “all forms of life, including animal life, which are necessary for human life.”
Why this demand?
- While referring to recent reported incidents of cruelty on animals in the country, the plea has said that such incidents have enraged many and raised a question as to whether existing laws are sufficient enough to protect animals from possible abuse and cruelty.
- It alleged the rights of animals exist only on paper due to their lack of implementation and enforcement.
- Besides, the plea said that legal status has been accorded to animals in two recent verdicts rendered by the Punjab and Haryana High Court and the Uttarakhand High Court.
The Court has issued notices to the Centre and others seeking their replies on the petition.
What is a legal entity?
A legal entity means entity which acts like a natural person but only through a designated person, whose acts are processed within the ambit of law.
- In 2018, a bench presided over by justice Sharma had accorded the status of “legal person or entity” to animals in Haryana.
- In Uttarakhand high court, justice Sharma was part of a bench in 2017, which declared the Ganga and Yamuna as living entities, a verdict that was later stayed by the Supreme Court.
- In 2018, Uttarakhand high court declared the entire animal kingdom, including birds and aquatic animals, as a legal entity.
- In June 2019, the Punjab and Haryana High Court had ruled that all animals, birds and aquatic life in Haryana would be accorded the status of legal persons or entities.
- What is a legal entity?
- Powers enjoyed by legal entities.
- Article 21 of the Indian constitution.
- Which High Courts have declared the entire animal kingdom, including birds and aquatic animals, as a legal entity?
What are the implications of declaring the entire animal kingdom, including birds and aquatic animals, as a legal entity? Discuss.
Sources: the Hindu.
Topics Covered: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
Why in News?
With the current Covid-19 situation, DAY-NRLM has designed an online training program to train all State Missions across the country on Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP), in partnership with Kudumbashree (National Resource Organisation), National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR), Hyderabad and Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
What are Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP)?
GPDP is conducted from 2nd October to 31st December, every year across the country, under the People’s Plan Campaign (PPC).
- Local bodies, across the country are expected to prepare context specific, need based GPDP.
- It brings together both the citizens and their elected representatives in the decentralized planning processes.
What are Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP)?
PPC guidelines and the joint advisory issued by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Ministry of Rural Development, has mandated Self Help Groups and their federations under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) to participate in the annual GPDP planning process and prepare the Village Poverty Reduction Plan (VPRP).
- VPRP is a comprehensive demand plan which needs to be integrated with the Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).
- The VPRP is presented in the Gram Sabha meetings from Oct. to Dec. every year.
Demands under VPRP are categorized into five major components:
- Social inclusion – plan for inclusion of vulnerable people/household into SHGs under NRLM
- Entitlement – demand for various schemes such as MGNREGS, SBM, NSAP, PMAY, Ujjwala, Ration card etc.
- Livelihoods – specific demand for enhancing livelihood through developing agriculture, animal husbandry, production and service enterprises and skilled training for placement etc.
- Public Goods and Services – demand for necessary basic infrastructure, for renovation of the existing infrastructure and for better service delivery
- Resource Development – demand for protection and development of natural resources like land, water, forest and other locally available resources
- Social Development – plans prepared for addressing specific social development issues of a village under the low cost no cost component of GPDP.
The Article 243G of the Constitution intended to empower the Gram Panchayats (GPs) by enabling the State Governments to devolve powers and authority in respect of all 29 Subjects listed in the Eleventh Schedule for local planning and implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice.
- Article 243G of the Indian Constitution is related to?
- 11th schedule of the Indian Constitution.
- What is People’s Plan Campaign (PPC)?
- What are Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP)? Who prepares them?
- What are Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP)?
Discuss the significance of Village Poverty Reduction Plans (VPRP).
GS Paper : 3
Topics Covered: Economics of animal-rearing.
Key features of the scheme:
- It is a scheme for focused and sustainable development of fisheries sector in the country.
- 20,050 crores has been sanctioned for its implementation during a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories, as a part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Package.
- The scheme focuses on beneficiary-oriented activities in Marine, Inland fisheries and Aquaculture.
- It seeks to adopt ‘Cluster or Area based approaches’.
Aims and targets of the scheme:
- Enhance fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne by 2024-25.
- Increase fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.
- Double incomes of fishers and fish farmers.
- Reduce post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10%.
- Generate additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in fisheries sector and allied activities.
Uniqueness of the scheme:
While aiming to consolidate the achievements of Blue Revolution Scheme, PMMSY envisages many new interventions such as fishing vessel insurance, support for new/up-gradation of fishing vessels/boats, Bio-toilets, Aquaculture in saline/alkaline areas, Sagar Mitras, FFPOs/Cs, Nucleus Breeding Centres, Fisheries and Aquaculture start-ups, Incubators, etc.
Other initiatives announced at the launch of PMMSY scheme:
- Establishment of Fish Brood Bank at Sitamarhi.
- Aquatic Disease Referral Laboratory at Kishanganj.
- One-unit fish feed mill at Madhepura and two units of ‘Fish on Wheels’ assisted at Patna under Blue Revolution.
- Comprehensive Fish Production Technology Centre at Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar.
- Duration of the scheme.
- Targets under the scheme.
- What is Blue Revolution scheme?
- Aquatic Disease Referral Laboratory has been established at?
Discuss the significance of the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana.
Topics Covered: Economics of animal rearing.
Why in News?
PM recently inaugurated the following under Rashtriya Gokul Mission:
- Semen Station with state of the art facilities in Purnea, Bihar.
- IVF lab established at Animal Sciences University, Patna.
- Sex sorted semen in artificial insemination by Baroni Milk Union in Begusarai district of Bihar.
What is Rashtriya Gokul Mission:
To conserve and develop indigenous bovine breeds, government launched ‘Rashtriya Gokul Mission’ in 2014 under the National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD).
What are the main objectives of the mission?
- developmentt and conservation of indigenous breeds.
- undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock.
- enhance milk production and productivity.
- upgrade nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.
- distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.
How is the scheme implemented?
- Implemented through the “State Implementing Agency (SIA viz Livestock Development Boards).
- State Gauseva Ayogs will be given the mandate to sponsor proposals to the SIA’s (LDB’s) and monitor implementation of the sponsored proposal.
- All Agencies having a role in indigenous cattle development will be the “Participating Agencies” like CFSPTI, CCBFs, ICAR, Universities, Colleges, NGO’s, Cooperative Societies and Gaushalas with best germplasm.
What are Gokul Grams?
Funds under the scheme will be allocated for the establishment of Integrated Indigenous Cattle Centres viz “Gokul Gram”.
Where they can be established? Gokul Grams will be established in: i) the native breeding tracts and ii) near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle.
Roles and responsibilities of Gokul Grams:
- Act as Centres for development of Indigenous Breeds and a dependable source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers in the breeding tract.
- They will be self sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of A2 milk (A2 milkis cow’s milk that mostly lacks a form of β-casein proteins called A1 and instead has mostly the A2 form), organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from bio gas for in house consumption and sale of animal products.
- They will also function as state of the art in situ training centre for Farmers, Breeders and MAITRI’s.
- The Gokul Gram will maintain milch and unproductive animals in the ratio of 60:40 and will have the capacity to maintain about 1000 animals. Nutritional requirements of the animals will be provided in the Gokul Gram through in house fodder production.
- Metropolitan Gokul Gram will focus on genetic upgradation of urban cattle.
- What are Gokul Grams?
- Can they be established in Metropolitan cities?
- Milch and unproductive animals ratio to be maintained by Gokul Grams.
- About the National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD).
- When was the Rashtriya Gokul Mission launched?
Write a note on Rashtriya Gokul Mission.
Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog.
To spur applied research and innovation in Indian MSMEs and startups.
Who will implement?
The programme will be driven by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), four ministries—Ministry of Defence; Ministry of Food Processing Industries; Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; and Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs—and associated industries to facilitate innovative solutions to sectoral problems.
Key features of the program:
- It will support deserving applied research–based innovations by providing funding support of up to Rs 50 lakh for speedy development of the proposed technology solution and/or product.
- Objective of the programme.
- Launched by?
- Implementation by?
- Funding support.
Facts for Prelims
South India’s 1st and country’s 2nd Kisan Train:
Context: Inaugural run of the train flagged off.
- Location: It runs between Anantapur (Andhra Pradesh) and New Delhi.
- Kisan Rail will help in strengthening the agricultural economy and help in the speedy transportation of farm produce to distant places.
- On 7th August, the first Kisan Rail was flagged off between Devlali in Maharashtra and Danapur in Bihar.
The Indian Air Force will formally induct the Rafale aircraft on 10th September 2020. The aircraft will be part of 17 Squadron, the “Golden Arrows”.
The first five Indian Air Force Rafale aircraft arrived at Air Force Station, Ambala from France on 27th July 2020.
- Rafale is a French twin-engine and multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation being produced for both the French Air Force and for carrier-based operations in the French Navy.
- India has inked a Rs 59,000-crore deal in 2016 to procure 36 Rafale jets from French aerospace major Dassault Aviation.
- India is the fourth country to have the strategic platform with Rafale after France, Egypt and Qatar.
Shikshak Parv Initiative:
- Ministry of Education organizes a webinar on Inclusive and Equitable Education under Shikshak Parv Initiative.
- It is being celebrated from 8th September- 25th September, 2020 to felicitate the Teachers and to take New Education Policy 2020 forward.
- It is a student – scientist connect programme launched in 2017.
- The programme would be implemented by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in collaboration with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS).
- The focus of this scheme is on connecting school students and scientists so as to extend student’s classroom learning with well planned research laboratory based learning.
WHO South East Asia Region:
The 73rd session is being hosted by the Government of Thailand (from Bangkok) while the previous session was held in New Delhi.
- South East Asia is One of the six WHO Regions.
- The Region has 11 Member States – Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste.
National Statistical Organisation’s (NSO) latest report on education:
The findings are based on 75th round of the National Sample Survey, conducted between June 2017 and July 2018. The households were surveyed on consumption related to education.
- One in five students in India supplements school education with private coaching, including almost one in three at the secondary school level or Classes 9 and 10.
- More than 52% of urban upper caste boys take coaching, in comparison to just 13.7% of rural boys and girls from scheduled tribe communities.
- Private coaching fees make up almost 20% of the total cost of education for those in secondary and higher secondary school.
- Some States in eastern India seem to spend more on private coaching than the rest of the country.
Articles to be covered tomorrow:
- EASE index.
- e- Gopala app.
Articles covered previously (Mentioned in today’s the Hindu Newspaper with no significant facts or developments):
- Article on Maratha Quota.
- PM Svanidhi.