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Participation of women in Indian freedom movement was mostly limited to picketing and boycott movements, due to many limitations to their rise to leadership positions. Could, this factor be considered as one of the failure of leaders of political struggle, like Gandhi and Nehru. Critically analyze.

Topic:The Freedom Struggle —  its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Participation of women in Indian freedom movement was mostly limited to picketing and boycott movements, due to many limitations to their rise to leadership positions. Could, this factor be considered as one of the failure of leaders of political struggle, like Gandhi and Nehru. Critically analyze. (250 words)

Reference: Modern Indian history by Bipin Chandra

Why the question:

The questions talks about participation of women in Indian freedom movement and role of political leaders like Gandhi and Nehru and their failure in ensuring full participation of women in the movement.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the participation of women in Indian freedom movement and critically analyse the factors that limited the participation.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start briefly by mentioning participation of women in Indian freedom struggle.

Body:

Hundreds and thousands of women of India had participated in the freedom movement with courage. The entire history of the freedom movement is replete with the saga of bravery, sacrifice and political sagacity of women.

Discuss role of women briefly; explain the factors that were responsible for their restricted participation.  Women did not get the benefit of Western education. Despite mobilization, the role of women was mostly confined to support activities and seldom in leadership had roles, which was more of a reflective of society that was India, as women in general also performed support work mostly. Thus, most women were comfortable only in women’s gatherings and proceedings. It won’t be correct to blame the leadership for this lacuna.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

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