Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
4. Do you agree to the fact that most armed insurgencies find resolution in a grey zone called ‘compromise’? Analyse. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article talks about the search for an end to the complex Naga conflict.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in detail the relevance and importance of compromise in the regions of armed insurgencies.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
One can start by explaining the current status with respect to the Naga conflict.
Despite having huge strategic significance, India’s northeastern frontier has largely remained marginal in the country’s popular imagination as well as mainstream politics. The region has witnessed multiple crises including bloody insurgencies, but still lacks the emotional resonance of the Kashmir conflict due to geographical, cultural, and ethnic factors.
Rooted in the politics of sub-nationalism, complexities of regional geopolitics and the evolving dynamics of counterinsurgency tactics, the Naga insurgency has defied a lasting solution; it is an extraordinarily complicated conflict whose management has involved a mix of violent response and bargaining.
Discuss why and how the resolution involving “compromise” is important to address the regions of Insurgencies.
Conclude by suggesting solutions.