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While, the First World War had many far-reaching impacts on the Western Europe and USA, but affected India too. Elaborate on the impact of First World War on India.

Topic : History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. While, the First World War had many far-reaching impacts on the Western Europe and USA, but affected India too. Elaborate on the impact of First World War on India. (250 words)

Reference: World history by Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper-I, world history.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the effect of World War 1 on India in detail.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain how the First World War had many far-reaching impacts on the Western Europe and USA.

Body:

India being the biggest colony of Britain was pulled-off into British war efforts. The war had many effects on India; explain the effects ranging from social, political and economic etc.

Discuss each aspect in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude that defeat of Ottoman Empire and abolishment of caliphate caused widespread anger among Muslim population. For supporting Britain in war, Indian nationalists were expecting some freedom for India after its end, however, this didn’t happen and the mood in India became more militant. Far-reaching effect of the World War I, however, was the rise of Mahatma Gandhi who transformed the very nature of the Indian national movement.