Topics Covered: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
The young child outcomes index and the young child environment index released:
What is it?
Both these indices are part of the ‘State of the Young Child’ in India report.
- It is a report brought out by non-governmental organisation Mobile Creches.
About the young child outcomes index:
It measures health, nutrition and cognitive growth with the help of indicators such as infant mortality rate, stunting and net attendance at the primary school level.
- Top 5: Kerala, Goa, Tripura, Tamil Nadu and Mizoram are among the top five States for well-being of children.
- Eight States have scores below the country’s average: they are Assam, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
About the young child environment index:
Its objective is to understand the policy and environment enablers that influence a child’s well-being.
How is it measured?
It uses five policy enablers that influence child well-being outcomes, including poverty alleviation, strengthening primary healthcare, improving education levels, safe water supply and promotion of gender equity.
- Top 5: Kerala, Goa, Sikkim, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh secured the top five positions.
- Eight States that have a below average score on the outcomes index also fared poorly on this one.
Suggestions made by the report:
India spent ₹1,723 per child in 2018 on expenses towards child nutrition, healthcare, education and other necessary protection services. This is insufficient and fails to reach the entire eligible population. Therefore, the need of the hour is to Increase in public spending on children.
- Who releases the ‘State of the Young Child’ in India report?
- Various indices released as part of this report.
- Performance of various states under these indices.
Discuss the issue of child well- being in India, what are the challenges faced by the children and list down measures to ensure their well- being.
Sources: the Hindu.