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Dr. Radhakrishnan

Topics Covered: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Dr. Radhakrishnan:


Context:

Teacher’s Day is observed annually on September 5.

  • The day commemorates the birth anniversary of Radhakrishnan.

radhakrishnan

About Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

He was born on September 5, 1888 in Thiruthani, Tamil Nadu.

  • He was India’s first Vice President and second President.

His Philosophy and Literary works:

  • His book, ‘The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore’ attracted global attention to Indian philosophy.
  • His philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta.
  • He defended Hinduism against “uninformed Western criticism” and played a major role in the formation of contemporary Hindu identity.
  • His other works include Indian Philosophy, (1923-27), The Philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), An Idealist View of Life (1932), Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939), and East and West: Some Reflections (1955).

Positions held, Awards and honours:

  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1954.
  • He received a knighthood in 1931 and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963.
  • He was elected chairman of UNESCO’s executive board in 1948.
  • He was one of the founders of Helpage India, a renowned NGO for elderly underprivileged in India.
  • He had also formed the Krishnarpan Charity Trust along with Ghanshyam Das Birla and some other social workers in the pre-independence era.
  • He was the first Indian to hold a chair at the University of Oxford – the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religion and Ethics (1936-1952)
  • In 1930, he was appointed Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at the University of Chicago.

 InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. When and why Teacher’s day is celebrated?
  2. Offices held by Dr. Radhakrishnan.
  3. Awards and honours received.
  4. His philosophy.
  5. Important literary works.
  6. Important Movements he was involved in.
  7. Institutions established by him and he is associated with?
  8. What is Advaita Vedanta?

Mains Link:

What do you understand by advaita principle? Discuss the ethical aspects of advita.

Sources: pib.