Topic ; The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
1. How were Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) and Non-Cooperation Movement (NCM) fundamentally different in their demands? Elucidate. (250 words)
Reference: Modern Indian History by Bipin Chandra
Why the question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper- I.
Key Demand of the question:
One is expected to bring out the fundamental differences between Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) and Non-Cooperation Movement (NCM).
Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
The non-cooperation and the civil disobedience movements were landmark moments during India’s independence struggle. Both played a key role in ensuring that India’s independence from British rule was guaranteed on 15th August 1947 and both were the brainchild of Mahatma Gandhi.
Start explaining the two movements and in what way they differed from each other.
Although both the movements had the complete independence of India in mind, the manner in which they were executed and the methodology employed were remarkably different.
The non-cooperation movement sought the attention of the British colonial authorities by bringing the government to a standstill.
The civil disobedience movement sought to paralyze the government by breaking a specific set of rules and administration.
Conclude with their importance.