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“Every day, 28 people dependent on farming die by suicide in India “What are the problems faced by Indian farmers even today? Critically analyse the issue of farmer’s suicide in India.

Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4.“Every day, 28 people dependent on farming die by suicide in India “What are the problems faced by Indian farmers even today? Critically analyse the issue of farmer’s suicide in India. (250 words)

Reference: Down to Earth 

Why the question:

The article presents the dismal picture of rising farmer’s suicide in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the issues faced by farmers in the country, critically analyse the issue of farmer’s suicide, suggest way out of it.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start with a key fact such as – Seven states in the country account for 87.5% of the farming sector suicides. They are Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra shows the highest figures out of these states.

Body:

Present the picture of Agriculture system and the lacunae that are leading to such drastic step of suicide by the farmers.

Explain causes of farmer suicides – Rise in input costs, Loan distress, Lack of direct market integration, Lack of awareness, Water crisis, Climate change, flawed economic policies etc.

There is no consensus on what the main causes might be but studies show suicide victims are motivated by more than one cause however the primer reasons being the inability to repay loans.

Major causes reportedly are bankruptcy/indebtedness, problems in the families, crop failure, illness and alcohol/substance abuse.

Most of the suicides have occurred in areas of cash crops like cotton and sugarcane, which is high input, high output gambling, and not based on the principle of sustained and resilient high yield.

Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done, give solutions which can be incorporated and conclude.