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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 September 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Critically examine the motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system. (250 Words)

Reference: Indian Modern history by Spectrum publications

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of Modern history portions of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system and analyse them critically.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the expansion of modern education system in the British times.

Body:

Critically analyse the development of modern education; The company wanted some educated Indians who could assist them in the administration of the land. Also, they wanted to understand the local customs and laws well.

Explain the events that classify the point that motives behind British efforts towards the expansion of modern education system were not merely to educate Indians but to have educated class of Indians for their benefit. British wanted to introduce modern western education to serve their economic interests as English education would convince Indians about the superiority of British goods which were machine made, it would make Indians recognize the advantages of trade and commerce.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of it to Indian system.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. “Transition from teacher-class based teaching to digital-education will need multi-pronged efforts over time” comment in the current conditions of Indian education system. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The author brings to us a detailed narration of the transition that the teaching system in the country is going through.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way transition from teacher-class based teaching to digital-education will need multi-pronged efforts over time.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the context of the education system and the transition it is undergoing right now.

Body:

Start by suggesting first the importance of education. Education is empowering and redefining. For hundreds of millions of the young in India, education is also about discipline, development, curiosity, creativity and a path to breaking the cycle of ignorance and poverty leading to employment and prosperity.

Discuss in detail the Covid-19 effects on education and how the system was forced to transition from real time to digital platforms. Our answer to the education crisis during the pandemic has been to offer online education. However, there are serious issues related to access, devices, content, curation, teachers, training, testing, exams, grades, funding, facilities, salaries, parents and fees. Explain how we would address them and need for multipronged approach.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions.

 

Topic : Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. In view of the pandemic and a truncated Monsoon Session, Parliament has said no to Question Hour and curtailed Zero Hour.  Explain in detail the importance of these two parliamentary tools. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

In view of the pandemic and a truncated Monsoon Session, Parliament has said no to Question Hour and curtailed Zero Hour. Thus the context of the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail what the tools are; the Question hour and the zero hour and there significance to the country.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of parliamentary tools in general.

Body:

Question Hour is the liveliest hour in Parliament. It is during this one hour that Members of Parliament ask questions of ministers and hold them accountable for the functioning of their ministries. The questions that MPs ask are designed to elicit information and trigger suitable action by ministries.

While Question Hour is strictly regulated, Zero Hour is an Indian parliamentary innovation. The phrase does not find mention in the rules of procedure. The concept of Zero Hour started organically in the first decade of Indian Parliament, when MPs felt the need for raising important constituency and national issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with their importance.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. In the backdrop of the recent estimates of growth rates for India, there are concerns that the economic contraction may not be just a transient phenomenon but of an extended slowdown and a slow turnaround. Analyse.  (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

According to data released by the National Statistical Office, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of India has shrunk by a record 23.9% in the April to June 2020 quarter in comparison to the same period in 2019.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the nuances of the economic slowdown.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain in brief the current situation.

Body:

The contraction reflects the severe impact of the COVID-19 lockdown, as well as the slowdown trend of the economy even pre-COVID-19.

Agriculture was the only sector which recorded a modest growth of 3.4% in year-on-year terms. All other sectors saw a contraction, with the steepest fall of 50% in construction, and the trade, hotels, transport and communication services category shrinking 47%. On the expenditure side, private consumption fell 26.7%, while investments, as reflected by gross fixed capital formation plunged 47%, and exports contracted almost 20%. Government final consumption expenditure grew 16.4%.

Present the associated concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.

 

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. What is Internet Telephony? Discuss its scope in near future in India and challenges related to its increment in India? What is in principle quantum communication? Discuss how its use can be path changing and its misuse may pose greater threats to security? (250 words)

Reference: The Daily Chronicle 

Why the question:

The question is premised on the theme of Internet Telephony.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss what Internet Telephony is and its scope in near future in India and challenges related to its increment in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define understand by Internet Telephony.

Body:

Internet telephony is a type of communications technology that allows voice calls and other telephony services like fax, SMS and other voice-messaging applications to be transmitted using the Internet as a connection medium. Software under this technology is cost-effective and convenient because it allows the user to communicate through fax, voice and video calls anywhere in the world as long as there is an Internet connection.

Then move on to discuss its scope in near future in India and challenges related to its increment in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such technologies in the development of the country.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

6. Discuss the importance of capacity building in civil services while highlighting the features of newly launched Mission Karma yogi by the government. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

Dubbed as the biggest bureaucratic reform initiative, the Union Cabinet Wednesday approved ‘Mission Karmayogi’, a new capacity-building scheme for civil servants aimed at upgrading the post-recruitment training mechanism of the officers and employees at all levels.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the newly launched bureaucratic reform initiative and imply the importance of the capacity building in civil services.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what you understand by capacity building in civil services.

Body:

Explain why capacity building at every level in civil services is of prime importance.

Talk about the mission – Mission Karmayogi programme will be delivered by setting up a digital platform called iGOTKarmayogi. Empowered with specific role-competencies, a civil servant will be able to ensure efficient service delivery of the highest quality standards, the government said.

The platform will act as a launchpad for the National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB), which will enable a comprehensive reform of the capacity building apparatus at the individual, institutional and process levels.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the importance of capacity building to civil services.

 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. Describe the following terms in your own words:

  1. Confession,
  2. Commitment and.
  3. Rationality

with suitable examples. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to discuss the above mentioned values with suitable examples.

Key Demand of the question:

Describe the above mentioned values with suitable explanation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define each of the words.

Body:

Confession:

Confession is when I accept the mistake/wrong I have done. It is the starting point of penance. It is the act that follows after the realization that I have one something immoral. It helps to purify my mind and strengthens my  conscience.

E.g., I confessed to my mother when I had used the money given by her towards the wrong Things.

Commitment:

Commitment is the consistency and strength of a decision concerning something/someone. It depicts clarity and certainty in behaviour with respect to a thing I am committed to. It strengthens my confidence with respect to that thing. E.g. Bhagat Singh’s commitment to independence.

Rationality:

Rationality is a faculty of thinking wherein the prejudices, emotions and other outside influences have no place. It is a scientific approach to things. It helps us see things as it is and not adulterated by subjective opinions. It is the tool to bring objectivity in decision making. This instrument helps us discriminate between right and wrong, good and bad by their merits, E.g., If we think rationally we will never believe in gender bias traditions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with their importance.


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