Print Friendly, PDF & Email


InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically.

current affairs, current events, current gk, insights ias current affairs, upsc ias current affairs

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 1:

1. Sree Narayana Guru.


GS Paper 2:

1. Mission Karmayogi.


GS Paper 3:

1. Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS).

2. Red Bull’s plea on trademark rejected.

3. Global Innovation Index 2020.

4. Ban on Chinese Mobile apps.

5. Entrepreneurs in Residence (EIR) programme.

6. State to declare 600 acres of Aarey as reserve forest.

7. Special Frontier Force.


Facts for Prelims:

1. Places in News- Chushul.

2. Question hour.

3. 3 more official languages for J&K.

4. Mundra port.


GS Paper  : 1


Topics Covered: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Sree Narayana Guru:


164th birth anniversary of Sree Narayana Guru observed on 2nd September.

Who was Sree Narayana Guru?

Narayana Guru (1856 – 1928) was a social reformer. He has been credited with transforming the social fabric of kerala and changing the beliefs of keralites in ways unimaginable at that point in time.

He was born into an Ezhava family in an era when people from such communities, which were regarded as Avarna, faced much social injustice in the caste-ridden society of Kerala.



Social reform movements:

  • He led a reform movement in Kerala, rejected casteism, and promoted new values of spiritual freedom and social equality.
  • He stressed the need for the spiritual and social upliftment of the downtrodden by their own efforts through the establishment of temples and educational institutions.
  • In the process, he denounced the superstitions that clouded the fundamental Hindu cultural convention of caste.
  • He preached the ‘oneness’ of humanity, crossing the boundaries of caste and creed.
  • In 1888, he installed an idol of siva at Aravippuram in Kerala in his effort to show that the consecration of god’s image was not a monopoly of the brahmins. This is popularly known as Aravippuram movement.
  • In one temple he consecrated at Kalavancode, he kept mirrors instead of idols. This symbolised his message that the divine was within each individual.
  • He also founded an Advaita Ashram in Kalady.
  • He also lent his support to the Vaikkom Satyagraha which was aimed at temple entry in Travancore for the lower castes. Mahatma Gandhi met Guru during this time.

Important literary works:

He contributed many important literary works, the most influential being Atmopadesa Satakam which he composed in 1897.


Prelims Link:

  1. Sree Narayana Guru belonged to which state?
  2. Aravippuram movement is associated with?
  3. Who established Advaita Ashram in Kalady?
  4. Who started Vaikkom Satyagraha? What were the objectives?
  5. Important leaders who met Sree Narayana Guru.
  6. Who composed Atmopadesa Satakam?

Mains Link:

Discuss the role of Sri Narayana Guru in social reforms in India.Sources: pib.

Sources: pib.

GS Paper  : 2


Topics Covered: Role of civil services in a democracy.

Mission Karmayogi- National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB):


Approved by the Union Cabinet recently.

What is it?

It is a New National Architecture for Civil Services Capacity Building.

It is also a Comprehensive reform of the capacity building apparatus at individual, institutional and process levels for efficient public service delivery.

Institutional framework and implementation of the programme:

  1. PM led Public Human Resources (HR) Council to approve and monitor Civil Service Capacity Building Plans.
  2. Capacity Building Commission to harmonize training standards, create shared faculty and resources, and have supervisory role over all Central Training Institutions.
  3. Wholly owned Special Purpose Vehicle to own and operate the online learning platform and facilitate world-class learning content market-place.
  4. Coordination Unit headed by the Cabinet Secretary.

The core guiding principles of the Programme will be:

  1. Supporting Transition from ‘Rules based’ to ‘Roles based’ HR Management.
  2. To emphasize on ‘on-site learning’ to complement the ‘off-site’ learning,
  3. To create an ecosystem of shared training infrastructure including that of learning materials, institutions and personnel,
  4. To calibrate all Civil Service positions to a Framework of Roles, Activities and Competencies (FRACs) approach and to create and deliver learning content relevant to the identified FRACs in every Government entity.
  5. To make available to all civil servants, an opportunity to continuously build and strengthen their Behavioral, Functional and Domain Competencies in their self-driven and mandated learning paths.
  6. To enable all the Central Ministries and Departments and their Organizations to directly invest their resources towards co-creation and sharing the collaborative and common ecosystem of learning through an annual financial subscription for every employee.
  7. To encourage and partner with the best-in-class learning content creators including public training institutions, universities, start-tips and individual experts,
  8. To undertake data analytics in respect of data emit provided by iGOT- Karmayogi pertaining  to  various  aspects  of capacity  building, content creation, user feedback and mapping of competencies and identify areas for policy reforms.
What is iGOT Karmayogi Platform?

The Programme will be delivered by setting up an Integrated Government Online Training-iGOTKarmayogiPlatform.

·         The platform brings the scale and state-of-the-art infrastructure to augment the capacities of over two crore officials in India.

·         The platform will evolve into a vibrant and world-class market place for content where carefully curated and vetted digital e-learning material will be made available.

·         Besides capacity building, service matters like confirmation after probation period, deployment, work assignment and notification of vacancies etc. would eventually be integrated with the proposed competency framework.

Functions of various proposed bodies:

Capacity Building Commission:

  1. To assist the PM Public Human Resources Council in approving the Annual Capacity Building Plans.
  2. To exercise functional supervision over all Central Training Institutions dealing with civil services capacity building.
  3. To create shared learning resources, including internal and external faculty and resource centers.
  4. To coordinate and supervise the implementation of the Capacity Building Plans with the stakeholder Departments.
  5. To set norms for common mid-career training programs across all civil services.

A wholly owned Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV):

It will be set up under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013.

It will be a “not-for-profit” company.

It will own and manage iGOT-Karmayogi platform.

  • The SPV will create and operationalize the content, market place and manage key business services ofiGOT-Karmayogi platform, relating to content validation, independent proctored assessments and telemetry data availability.
  • It will own all Intellectual Property Rights on behalf of the Government of India.

Public Human Resources Council:

  • It will include select Union Ministers, Chief Ministers, eminent public HR practitioners, thinkers, global thought leaders and Public Service functionaries under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister.
  • It will serve as the apex body for providing strategic direction to the task of Civil Services Reform and capacity building.

Larger significance of the programme:

It aims to prepare the Indian Civil Servant for the future by making him more creative, constructive, imaginative, innovative, proactive, professional, progressive, energetic, enabling, transparent and technology-enabled. Empowered with specific role-competencies, the civil servant will be able to ensure efficient service delivery of the highest quality standards.



Prelims Link:

Composition and the functions of:

  1. Public Human Resources (HR) Council.
  2. Capacity Building Commission.
  3. Special Purpose Vehicle.

Who will head the coordination unit?

Who shall own and operate the iGOT Karmayogi Platform?

Under the programme, who shall own all Intellectual Property Rights on behalf of the Government of India?

Mains Link:

Discuss the need for and significance of Mission Karmayogi.

Sources: pib.


GS Paper  : 3


Topics Covered: Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS):

Why in News?

A limit has been imposed on total rewards under the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS).

Limits imposed (Not so important for the exam. However, have a brief overview of the changes):

  • The total reward which may be granted to an Import Export Code (IEC) holder under the scheme shall not exceed Rs.2 Crore per IEC of exports made in the period 1.9.2020 to 31.12.2020.
  • Any IEC holder who has not made any exports for a period of one year preceding 1.9.2020 or any new IECs obtained on or after 1st September would not be eligible for submitting any claim under MEIS.

About MEIS- What is it?

Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) under Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP 2015-20) is one of the two schemes introduced in Foreign Trade Policy of India 2015-20, as a part of Exports from India Scheme (The other scheme is Service Exports from India Scheme (SEIS)).

  • The rewards are given by way of duty credit scrips to exporters.
  • The MEIS is notified by the DGFT (Directorate General of Foreign Trade) and implemented by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Objective of the scheme:

To offset infrastructural inefficiencies and associated costs involved in export of goods/products, which are produced/manufactured in India, especially those having high export intensity, employment potential and thereby enhancing India’s export competitiveness.

MEIS replaced the following five other similar incentive schemes present in the earlier Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14:

1.       Focus Product Scheme (FPS).

2.       Focus Market Scheme (FMS).

3.       Market Linked Focus Product Scheme (MLFPS).

4.       Infrastructure incentive scheme.

5.       Vishesh Krishi Gramin Upaj Yojna (VKGUY).


Prelims Link:

  1. Objectives of Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP 2015-20).
  2. Schemes launched under Foreign Trade Policy of India (FTP 2015-20).
  3. MEIS is notified by?
  4. MEIS is implemented by?
  5. Schemes replaced by MEIS.
  6. What are duty credit scrips?
  7. About DGFT.

Mains Link:

Discuss the key features and significance of the Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS).

Sources: pib.


Topics Covered: IPR related issues.

Red Bull’s plea on trademark rejected:


The Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB) has rejected a plea from Red Bull, manufacturer of an energy drink, for the removal of a trademark registered in the name of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited.

What’s the issue?

  • Red Bull has adopted a trademark with tagline “Gives You Wings” and said due to the extensive publicity, the concept of an animal/human acquiring wings after consumption of the Red Bull Energy Drink has become exclusively associated with it.
  • However, another trademark was registered in November 2001 with the tagline “Your Wings to Life”, in the name of Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited. Now, Red Bull had sought its cancellation.

What has the IPAB said while dismissing the petition?

The rival trademarks are neither deceptively similar nor identical with. The applicant mark “Your Wings to life” is not the main mark. It is the sub-brand.

  • Therefore, the goodwill and reputation alleged by the applicant is not pertaining to the main mark Red Bull. Hence, both trademarks are not similar.
What is a trademark?

In layman’s language, it is a visual symbol which may be a word signature, name, device, label, numerals or combination of colours used by one undertaking on goods or services or other articles of commerce to distinguish it from other similar goods or services originating from a different undertaking.

The legal requirements to register a trademark under the Act are:

  1. The selected mark should be capable of being represented graphically (that is in the paper form).
  2. It should be capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of others.
  3. It should be used or proposed to be used mark in relation to goods or services for the purpose of indicating or so as to indicate a connection in the course of trade between the goods or services and some person have the right to use the mark with or without identity of that person.

Different types of trademarks that may be registered in India:

  1. Any name (including personal or surname of the applicant or predecessor in business or the signature of the person), which is not unusual for trade to adopt as a mark.
  2. An invented word or any arbitrary dictionary word or words, not being directly descriptive of the character or quality of the goods/service.
  3. Letters or numerals or any combination thereof.
  4. The right to proprietorship of a trademark may be acquired by either registration under the Act or by use in relation to particular goods or service.
  5. Devices, including fancy devices or symbols
  6. Monograms
  7. Combination of colors or even a single color in combination with a word or device
  8. Shape of goods or their packaging
  9. Marks constituting a 3- dimensional sign.
  10. Sound marks when represented in conventional notation or described in words by being graphically represented.


The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks heads the TRADE MARKS Registry offices and functions as the Registrar of TRADE MARKS.

What is Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB)?

It was constituted on September 15, 2003 by the Indian Government to hear and resolve the appeals against the decisions of the registrar under the Indian Trademarks Act, 1999 and the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.

·         Since April 2, 2007, IPAB has been authorized to hear and adjudicate upon the appeals from most of the decisions, orders or directions made by the Patent Controller under the Patents Act. Therefore, all pending appeals of Indian High Courts under the Patents Act were transferred to IPAB.

Organization of an IPAB Bench:

Each Bench of the IPAB includes a Judicial Member and a Technical Member. The qualifications for appointment as a technical member of the IPAB are mentioned in The Trade Marks Act and the Patents Act.



Appeals from the decision of the Controller to the IPAB must be made within three months from the date of the decision/ order or direction, according to the, or within such further time as the IPAB permits, with the appropriate fees. An extension is available for filing the appeal by way of a Condonation of Delay (COD) petition.


Prelims Link:

  1. IPAB- composition and jurisdiction.
  2. What is an intellectual property right?
  3. What is a trademark?
  4. Who functions as the Registrar of TRADE MARKS?
  5. Different types of trademarks that may be registered in India.
  6. The legal requirements to register a trademark in India are?

Mains Link:

Evaluate the provisions of the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy in India. What are the challenges being faced by it? Suggest measures needed to ensure transparency and enhance protection of the same.

Sources: pib.


Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Global Innovation Index 2020 released:


13th edition of Global Innovation Index released.

·         The index is a leading reference for measuring an economy’s innovation performance.

Released By?

The GII is co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), a specialized agency of the United Nations.

Theme: Who Will Finance Innovation? is timely given the human and global economic damage wreaked by the COVID-19 global pandemic.

How are countries ranked?

GII rankings are based on 80 indicators, from traditional measurements like research and development investments and international patent and trademark applications.

India’s performance:

  • This year, India climbed four spots and is now at 48th position in the list.
  • India is at the top position among the nations in central and southern Asia.
  • India has now become the third most innovative lower middle-income economy in the world.
  • India ranks in the top 15 in indicators such as ICT (Information and Communication Technology) services exports, government online services, graduates in science and engineering, and R&D-intensive global companies.


Global scenario:

  • The rankings show stability at the top but a gradual “eastward shift in the locus of innovation” as Asian economies like China, India, the Philippines and Vietnam have advanced considerably in the innovation ranking over the years.
  • Top 5: Switzerland, Sweden, the US, the UK and the Netherlands lead the innovation ranking.


Prelims Link:

  1. Global Innovation Index is released by?
  2. When was the first edition released?
  3. Theme for 2020.
  4. Performance of India this year.
  5. Global performance.
  6. Top 10 countries in the index.

Mains Link:

Discuss the features and significance of the Global Innovation Index.

Sources: pib.


Topics Covered: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security.

Ban on Chinese Mobile apps:


118 mobile apps blocked.


The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.


By invoking it’s power under section 69A of the Information Technology Act read with the relevant provisions of the Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Blocking of Access of Information by Public) Rules 2009.


In view of the emergent nature of threats. It has been said that these apps are engaged in activities which is prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of state and public order.

Why this was necessary? (Arguments by the government):

  • Government had received many complaints from various sources including several reports about misuse of some mobile apps available on Android and iOS platforms for stealing and surreptitiously transmitting users’ data in an unauthorized manner to servers which have locations outside India.
  • The compilation of these data, its mining and profiling by elements hostile to national security and defence of India, which ultimately impinges upon the sovereignty and integrity of India, is a matter of very deep and immediate concern which requires emergency measures.
  • The Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre, Ministry of Home Affairs has also sent an exhaustive recommendation for blocking these malicious apps.


This was the goverment’s third round of bans. Besides, the Centre’s latest move comes in the backdrop of the tension between India and China on the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

  • China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has, for over four months now, been trying to shift its boundary with India in Ladakh.
Section 69A of IT act:
Section 69A of the IT Act, empowers the Central Government to order that access to certain websites and computer resources be blocked in the interest of the defense of the country, its sovereignty and integrity, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order or for preventing incitement to the commission of an offence.


Prelims Link:

  1. Section 69A of the IT Act is related to?
  2. Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre- administrative setup and functions.
  3. What is Line of Actual Control.
  4. LAC vs LOC.
  5. Where Chushul Valley?

Mains Link:

The Centre’s recent move to block 59 Chinese apps has brought to the fore the inherently tricky ‘national security versus digital rights’ question. How do you view this? Give your opinion.

Sources: pib.


Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Entrepreneurs in Residence (EIR) programme:


A brochure featuring Entrepreneurs in Residence (EIR) under the National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI) programme was recently launched.

What is Entrepreneurs-in-Residence (EIR) Programme?

It is under the National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing innovations (NIDHI) of Department of Science and Technology.

  • It supports aspiring or budding entrepreneur of considerable potential for pursuing a promising technology business idea over a period up to 18 months with a subsistence grant up to Rs 30000 per month with a maximum cap for total support of Rs 3.6 lakh to each EIR over a maximum of 18 months.
What is NIDHI program?

Department of Science & Technology has launched a NIDHI program (National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations) under which programmes for setting up of incubators, seed fund, accelerators and ‘Proof of concept’ grant for innovators and entrepreneurs have been launched.

·         Under NIDHI, PRAYAS (Promoting and Accelerating Young and Aspiring innovators & Startups) programme has been initiated in which established Technology Business Incubators (TBI) are supported with PRAYAS grant to support innovators and entrepreneurs with grants for ‘Proof of Concept’ and developing prototypes.


Prelims Link:

  1. About Entrepreneurs-in-Residence (EIR) Programme.
  2. What is NIDHI program?
  3. About PRAYAS programme.
  4. The above said programmes have been launched by?

Sources: pib.


Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

State to declare 600 acres of Aarey as reserve forest:


Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray has announced the reservation of 600 acres of Aarey land near Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) as forest, claiming it as the first instance of an extensive forest blossoming within the limits of metropolis anywhere in the world.

What is a reserve forest? How is it different from protected forests?

A reserve forest denotes forests accorded a certain degree of protection. The term was first introduced in the Indian Forest Act, 1927 in British India, to refer to certain forests granted protection under the British crown in British India, but not associated suzerainty.

Unlike national parks or wildlife sanctuaries of India, reserved forests are declared by the respective state governments.

  • At present, reserved forests and protected forests differ in one important way: Rights to all activities like hunting, grazing, etc. in reserved forests are banned unless specific orders are issued otherwise.
  • In protected areas, rights to activities like hunting and grazing are sometimes given to communities living on the fringes of the forest, who sustain their livelihood partially or wholly from forest resources or products.

The Indian Forests Act 1927 defines the procedure to be followed for declaring an area to be a reserved forest, a protected forest or a village forest.


Prelims Link:

  1. What is a reserve forest?
  2. Who can declare it?
  3. How is it different from protected forest?
  4. Overview of the Indian Forests Act, 1927.
  5. Difference between National Parks and Wildlife sanctuaries.

Sources: the Hindu.


Topics Covered: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Special Frontier Force:

Why in News?

There have been reports that a Special Frontier Force (SFF) unit, referred to as Vikas Battalion, has been instrumental in occupying some key heights on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China in Ladakh to thwart any occupation by the Chinese troops.

What is the Special Frontier Force (SFF)?

SFF was raised in the immediate aftermath of the 1962 Sino-India war.

It was a covert outfit which recruited Tibetans (now it has a mixture of Tibetans and Gorkhas) and initially went by the name of Establishment 22.

  • It falls under the purview of the Cabinet Secretariat where it is headed by an Inspector General who is an Army officer of the rank of Major General.
  • The units that comprise the SFF are known as Vikas battalions.
  • Strictly speaking, the SFF units are not part of the Army but they function under operational control of the Army.
  • Women soldiers too form a part of SFF units and perform specialised tasks.

Sources: Indian Express.


Facts for Prelims:

Places in News- Chushul:

  • It is a village in Leh, Ladakh, India.
  • It is located in the Durbuk tehsil, in the area known as “Chushul valley”.
  • It is close to Rezang Laand Panggong Lake at a height of 4,360 metres.
  • Chushul is one of the five officially agreed Border Personnel Meeting points between the Indian Army and the People’s Liberation Army of China for regular consultations and interactions between the two armies to improve relations.
  • This place is famous for the Indian Army who fought to the ‘last man, last round’ at Rezang La (Chushul) on November 18, 1962. Without this crucial victory, the territory might have been captured by China.


Question Hour:

  • The first hour of every parliamentary sitting is termed as Question hour.
  • It is mentioned in the Rules of Procedure of the House.
  • During this time, the members ask questions and the ministers usually give answers.

Question Hour in both Houses is held on all days of the session. But there are two days when an exception is made:

  1. There is no Question Hour on the day the President addresses MPs from both Houses in the Central Hall.
  2. Question Hour is not scheduled on the day the Finance Minister presents the Budget.

Why in News?

The Lok Sabha Secretariat has officially released the schedule for the monsoon Parliament session that starts on September 14, with Question Hour being dropped.

3 more official languages for J&K:

The Union Cabinet has approved a Bill to include Kashmiri, Dogri and Hindi as official languages in the newly-created Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Only English and Urdu were official languages in the erstwhile State.

Mundra Port:

It is the largest private port of India located on the north shores of the Gulf of Kutch.

Why in News?

Mundra Port terminal deal under scrutiny over link with Chinese company. In this regard, the government is evaluating an agreement between the Adani Ports’ French joint venture partner CMA CGM and the China Merchants Group.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos