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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 2 September 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. To what extent, British policies alone were responsible for ruining of traditional handicrafts industries? Explain and give reasons in support of your answer. (250 words)

Reference: Modern Indian History by Bipin Chandra

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way and to what extent British policies alone were responsible for ruining of traditional handicrafts industries.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the timeline of ruin of traditional handicrafts industry in India during the British period.

Body:

The Indian handicrafts that had made the country famous, collapsed under the colonial rule. This was mainly due to the competition posed by the machine made goods that were imported from Britain. The ability of mass production of goods helped Britain to flood the Indian markets with cheap products especially cotton textiles.

The railways facilitated the reach of these goods to remotest parts in India and the procurement of raw materials from these parts. The traditional handicrafts industry faced a tough competition from these goods produced in bulk.

The policy of free trade followed by the East India Company helped them to dictate terms of trade. They compelled the Indian craftsmen to sell their goods below market price and they hired their services at below the prevailing wages etc.

Conclusion:

This destroyed the self-sufficient village economy as the destruction of the traditional industries led to overcrowding in the agrarian sector. De-industrialization had far reach­ing effects in different sectors of the economy.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

2. Write a brief note on the role of SHGs in rural development in India. (250 words)

Reference: iosrjournals.org

Why the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to ascertain the role of SHGs in rural development in India.

Key Demand of the question:

Bring out in detail the role of SHGs in rural development in India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define SHGs and explain their functioning.

Body:

Self Help Groups (SHGs) are self-governed, peer controlled information groups of people with similar socio-economic background and desire to collectively perform common purpose. They play a critical role in the process of rural development by organizing poor and marginalized sections of the society in a collective to build their functional capacity by promoting small savings and ensure sustainable livelihood.

Discuss the role played by SHGs in rural development in India. Explain them with suitable case studies.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting some measures to improve their functioning.

 

Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Discuss the roles and functions of national recruitment agency also explain in what way it is a major boon to youth in the country. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The article talks in detail about the recently established NRA and its roles and responsibilities.

Key Demand of the question:

One must elucidate upon the roles and responsibilities of national recruitment agency and explain in what way it is a major boon to youth in the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what NRA is.

Body:

NRA or the National Recruitment Agency is an independent body which shall be responsible for conducting a Common Eligibility Test (CET) for all non-gazette Government posts, including Group B and Group C (non-technical) jobs.

Explain why NRA is needed in the country. Discuss its pros and cons.

Explain in detail its impact on the youth of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance and way forward.

 

Topic : Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4. Critically analyse the major implications of World Bank’s decision to halt its annual ‘Doing Business’ report on data authenticity issues. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article presents to us a detailed analysis of how the World Bank’s decision to halt its annual ‘Doing Business’ report on data authenticity issues has major implications.

Key Demand of the question:

One must critically analyse the major implications of World Bank’s decision to halt its annual ‘Doing Business’ report on data authenticity issues.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by briefing on what is world Bank’s ‘Doing Business’ report about.

Body:

Discuss in detail the context of the question with brief background. India has consistently sought to improve its ease of doing business index ranking, as a means to attract foreign investments into India. Since 2015, India has invested considerable political and administrative capital to improve India’s global ranking, with impressive success.

India’s has achieved remarkable progress in its ease of doing business ranking by registering a steep improvement from 142nd position in 2014 to 63rd rank in 2019.

The World Bank has proposed the conducting of a systematic review and assessment of data changes that occurred subsequent to the institutional data review process for the last five Doing Business reports.

Discuss what the concerns are; lack of correlation, Design flaws, deviation from other surveys, authenticity of data etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done, hint at what stand should India take at the moment.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Elaborate on the components of Border Infrastructure? Examine what is the state of border infrastructure in India? (250 words )

Reference: Live Mint 

Why the question:

The question is premised on the theme of Border infrastructure.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain what you understand by Border Infrastructure and comment on its state in India.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Body:

Infrastructural development in the border region could impact in both positive and negative ways. On the positive side, it could strengthen regional connectivity, thereby boosting economic linkages at a sub-regional level, which may or may not impact the overall political relations between the countries. The benefits that can accrue to the border regions from trade cannot be overlooked.

On the negative side, infrastructural up gradation could raise suspicions, up the ante and accentuate the possibility of a conflict along the border, as has been the case with India and China and India and Pakistan. This has led to slow development of border infrastructure in India.

Present a detailed case of Border infrastructure in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 GS-3: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

6. Discuss the role that PM-AASHA can play in tackling agriculture price and income volatility. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The question is based on the scheme of PM – AASHA and its effectiveness.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the role that PM-AASHA can play in tackling agriculture price and income volatility.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Government has taken another giant leap towards boosting pro-farmer initiatives. With the recent approval of the umbrella scheme Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay SanraksHan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA), that is aimed towards ensuring remunerative prices to farmers for their produce, the government has taken an unprecedented step.

Body:

The recent scheme is expected to complement the increase in MSP which will be translated to farmer’s income by way of robust procurement mechanism in coordination with the states.

List down the key features of the scheme, its components; Price Support Scheme (PSS), Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS), Pilot of Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme (PPPS). Explain in what way these aid in tackling agriculture price and income volatility.

Give examples if possible.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. In Beed district of Maharashtra, 50 per cent of the women have been reported for hysterectomies. These women are as young as 25. The majorities of these women are cane cutters and migrate to the sugar belt of western Maharashtra during the cane cutting season; with the drought intensifying, the number of migrants multiplies. The contractor is keen to have women without wombs in his group of cane cutters, as they incur financial loses when any of the labourer goes for maternity leave. Moreover, menstruating women demand rest and toilets facilities.

However, it is an unofficial dictum and contractors say that women are doing it voluntarily. It has also been observed that the child sex ratio in this district is an abysmal 807. For hysterectomies and abortion, the numbers of illegal clinics continue to proliferate in the district.

Identify the ethical issues in above situation. As a DM magistrate of the concerned district, identify the course of action. What innovative steps you will take to solve this problem? (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The question is a case study. According to government reports reviewed by activists, 4500 hysterectomies were conducted in Beed in the last three years. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Evaluate the ethical issues involved in the case study and suggest your course of action as the DM.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Maharashtra’s drought-stricken district of Beed hit the headlines recently when reports emerged of an unusually high rate of hysterectomies among its women.

Body:

The question is an ethical case study that involves identification of the stakeholders and ethical issues thus involved.

Discuss what the issue is and what the causative factors of it are.

Identify the ethical angles in the case study. Discuss the course of action you would take as the DM of the district.

Suggest innovative steps to address the problem.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.


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