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Rare Renati Chola era inscription unearthed

Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Rare Renati Chola era inscription unearthed:


Context:

This rare inscription was recently unearthed from a remote village of Kadapa district in Andhra Pradesh.

Key points:

  • It was found engraved on a dolomite slab and shale.
  • The inscription was written in archaic Telugu.
  • It was assigned to the 8th Century A.D., when the region was under the rule of the Chola Maharaja of Renadu.

dolomite_slab

What this inscription reveals?

It throws light on the record of a gift of six marttus (a measuring unit) of land gifted to a person.

The last lines of the inscription are indicative of the priority given to morality in those days.

  • “It says the people who safeguard this inscription for future generations will acquire the status of conducting Aswamedha Yaga, and those destroying it will incur sin equivalent to causing a death in Varanasi”.

Who were Renati Cholas?

  • The Telugu Cholas of Renadu (also called as Renati Cholas) ruled over Renadu region, the present day Cuddapah district.
  • They were originally independent, later forced to the suzerainty of the Eastern Chalukyas.
  • They had the unique honour of using the Telugu language in their inscriptions belonging to the 7th and 8th centuries.
  • The earliest of this family was Nandivarman (500 AD) who claimed descent from the family of Karikala and the Kasyapa gotra.
  • Their territory extended over the whole of Cuddapah district and the adjoining areas of Anantapur, Kurnool and Chittoor districts.

Relevant points for exams:

Chola Local Administration:

  • The most important feature of the Chola administration was the local administration at districts, towns and villages level.
  • Uttaramerur inscriptions speak much about the Chola administration.
  • Village autonomy was the most unique feature of Chola administrative system.
  • Nadu was one of the important administrative units of the Cholas. Nadus had representative assemblies. The heads of the Nadus were called Nattars.
  • The council of Nadu was called Nattavai.

Variyams:

Village Assemblies carried on village administration effectively with the help of variyams.

The male members of the society were the members of these variyams.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Renati Cholas ruled over?
  2. Important rulers.
  3. About Chalukyas.
  4. Uttaramerur inscriptions are related to?
  5. Local administration under Renati Cholas.

Mains Link:

Who were Renati Cholas? Write a note on local administration during their rule.

Sources: the Hindu.