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Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Onam is celebrated at the beginning of the month of Chingam, the first month of the solar Malayalam calendar (Kollavarsham). It falls in August or September each year.

  • The festival is spread over 10 days and culminates with Thiruvonam, the most important day.


About the festival:

According to a popular legend, the festival is celebrated to welcome King Mahabali, whose spirit is said to visit Kerala at the time of Onam.

It is also celebrated as the festival of paddy harvest.

How is it celebrated?

During the festival, people get dressed in their traditional attire, prepare the Onam Sadhya and take part in a variety of group activities such as the Pookolam (rangoli made with fresh flowers), Vallam Kali (boat race), Pulikali (tiger dance), Kai Kottu Kali (Onam dance), Kummattikali (mask dance) and various other activities.


Prelims Link:

Harvest festivals celebrated in various parts of the country.

Overview of:

1. Pulikali.

2. Vallam Kali.

3. Kummattikali.

4.Kai Kottu Kali.

Sources: pib.