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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 August 2020

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

1. Discuss the importance of involving civil society in prelegislative Scrutiny and mention the steps that can be taken by the government to increase public engagement in it. (250 words)

Reference: PRS INDIA

Why the question:

The question is premised on the point of involving civil society in the prelegislative scrutiny of the government.

Key Demand of the question:

One must elaborate in detail the concept of prelegislative scrutiny, the importance of involving civil society in it and also steps that can be taken by the government to increase public engagement in it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by suggesting the importance of citizen’s participation in public policy making.

Body:

The need to build linkages between citizens and the policy-making process arises from the necessity to have greater transparency and equality of access for all stakeholders that form the bedrock of a democratic framework. Pre-legislative scrutiny calls for a process to garner public feedback at an early stage of framing a law or statute.

Then move onto suggest means to ensure the participation of the citizenry in pre-legislative scrutiny of policies.

Conclusion:

Hint at the past policies of the government in this direction and suggest what more needs to be done in this direction and conclude.

 

Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 proposes to have foundational literacy and numeracy a target of early schooling, critically analyse the move if it further embattles the already stressed childhood? (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The author presents to us a critical analysis of the feature of NEP 2020 that proposed to have foundational literacy and numeracy a target of early schooling.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically analyse the move of the government in the NEP 2020 and present your viewpoints.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly start by giving the context of the question.

Body:

Start by explaining the significant shift NEP proposes is in the re-organisation of elementary education.

Discuss the arguments with respect to sharp division among perspectives on what constitutes reading; more specifically: how is reading learnt. Take hints from the article ad explain what the drawbacks of such a move are.

Debate on what needs to be done, suggest solutions to address.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

3. Elaborate upon the initiatives that can ensure sustainable growth of the dairy sector in the country as well as boost incomes of dairy farmers. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The article highlights the policies and programmes that have contributed in bringing up the dairy industry up.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and one must elaborate upon the initiatives that can ensure sustainable growth of the dairy sector in the country as well as boost incomes of dairy farmers.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start by presenting key facts of the Dairy industry in the country. The government aims to “facilitate” doubling of India’s annual milk processing capacity from 53.5 million tonnes (mt) to 108 mt by 2025.

Body:

Over the span of three decades, India has transformed from a country of acute milk shortage to the world’s leading milk producer, with estimated production of milk in 2018-19 at 187 million tonnes.

Milk production in India has been growing at over 4% annually and its share in milk production in the world has also been increased.

Then move onto discuss the major initiatives of the government – National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD), Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS), National Dairy Plan-I (NDP-I), Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF), Supporting Dairy Cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations engaged in dairy activities (SDCFPO) etc.

Explain in what way it benefits the poor and marginal dairy farmers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Discuss the key findings of Export Preparedness Index 2020 while throwing light on the challenges that Indian exports face. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint 

Why the question:

Export Preparedness Index 2020 to evaluate States’ potential and capacities has been released by the NITI Aayog in partnership with the Institute of Competitiveness was released recently, thus the context of the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One must discuss the key findings of Export Preparedness Index 2020 while throwing light on the challenges that Indian exports face.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what export preparedness Index is.

Body:

Export Preparedness Index (EPI); It is the first report to examine the export preparedness and performance of Indian states. EPI intends to identify challenges and opportunities; enhance the effectiveness of government policies; and encourage a facilitative regulatory framework. It promotes healthy competition among states and UTs to work on parameters for promoting the country’s exports, which is one of the key indicators for boosting economic growth.

Then explain the challenges faced by India’s Export Sector -based on the findings of the report, export promotion in India faces three fundamental challenges:  Intra- and inter-regional disparities in export infrastructure, Poor trade support and growth orientation among states, Poor R&D infrastructure to promote complex and unique exports.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issues.

 

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. Amidst the new challenges growing space industry is facing across the world; discuss the aspects necessary to be considered for India’s space vision. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The editorial covers outer space vision, challenges involved and the need for space legislation.

Key Demand of the question:

The question aims to ascertain the aspects necessary to be considered for India’s space vision amidst growing challenges across the world.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by discussing the aspects of expanding space industry.

Body:

India has invested enormous resources in its space programme through the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). More importantly, space assets are crucial for India’s development. India’s future plans are ambitious. The plans are designed to establish India as a major space-faring nation by the end of the decade.

The proposed involvement of private players and the creation of an autonomous body IN-SPACe (Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre) under the Department of Space for permitting and regulating activities of the private sector are welcome efforts.

However, the space environment that India faces requires us to go beyond meeting technical milestones. There is a need for a space legislation enabling coherence across technical, legal, commercial, diplomatic and defence goals.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India’s space vision also needs to address global governance, regulatory and arms control issues.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6. While acting for ‘change’ and ‘progress’, should an administrator be disappointed because s/he can do too little? Substantiate. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the two factors of change and progress and in what way Public administrators usually face the crisis of choosing between them.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the dilemma involved in choosing change or progress in the lives of civil servants while making decisions.

Directive:

Substantiate – When you are asked to Substantiate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by “Change” and “Progress” in the context of the question.

Body:

The process of change in a large-scale system is a mix of art and science. It requires scientific principles to bring change and progress as well as requires social and human emotions for strong determination and will power.

But a system is “any collection of things that have some influence on one another.” If we take the example of Environment – Individual things like plants, people, schools, communities, and watersheds – are all systems of interrelated elements. All have well-defined niche and role in the maintenance of system whether small or big.

 Conclusion:

Hence one should not be disappointed that he can do nothing big to change the system, even small and genuine steps can bring change.

 

Topic ; Case Study

7. There was a day-light murder of a very popular social activist who always raised the issue of poor and downtrodden before District Administration. He was very popular among the downtrodden. A strong and determined crowed of ten thousand people have assembled at the collectorate with the dead body demanding immediate action against the accused police officials who have failed to provide necessary security to the leader.

People suspect that there is a hand of one powerful leader from the ruling party. You are the head of the District Administration.

 What are the options available to you? Evaluate the merits and demerits of each option and suggest your stand. (250 words)

Why the question: Case Study

Key Demand of the question:

The question is a case study that involves decision making while overcoming the ethical dilemmas involved in choosing the right against the wrong.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the nuances of the case.

Body:

The District Magistrate may send the police to control the crowd and assure the agitating people that the culprit would not be spared and the law would take its own course. The persons leading the agitating people should be invited to discuss the issue with the administration and possible steps should be initiated to bring the culprit behind the bars so as to prevent such brazen acts by anybody, howsoever powerful.

If agitating people turn violent, in such a case the DM should first resort to use of mild or relevant degree of force on them to bring normalcy and avoid causality or loss of property of the innocent citizens.

Evaluate the merits and demerits of the case.

Conclusion:

Conclude with fair and balanced opinion.


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