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Discuss the role that Crop rotation and diversity can play in mitigating the environmental effects of growing just cereals in the country.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4. Discuss the role that Crop rotation and diversity can play in mitigating the environmental effects of growing just cereals in the country. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The author in the article discusses the significance of crop rotation and diversity in detail.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the importance of crop rotation and diversity to Indian agricultural systems.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area across a sequence of growing seasons. It reduces reliance on one set of nutrients, pest and weed pressure, and the probability of developing resistant pest and weeds. Also define what crop diversity implies.

Body:

Present the current status of agriculture system in terms of demand for cereals.

Discuss why is it bad to grow the same crop continuously on a particular land, discuss its impact on sol fertility, ground water levels etc.

Explain what role would crop rotation and crop diversification would play in replenishing the fertility of soil and other aspects of the agriculture.

Present a case study to emphasize on the importance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.