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Analyse the recently proposed reforms of the centre that intend to create a robust power sector for fuelling post-pandemic economic recovery.

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

3. Analyse the recently proposed reforms of the centre that intend to create a robust power sector for fuelling post-pandemic economic recovery. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Why the question:

The article explains in what way the proposed reforms reflect the Centre’s intent to create a robust power sector for fuelling post-pandemic economic recovery.

Key Demand of the question:

One must analyse the recently proposed reforms of the centre that intend to create a robust power sector for fuelling post-pandemic economic recovery.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by stating some key facts related to Indian power sector; India is currently the world’s third-largest producer of electricity with an installed capacity of 371 GW.

Body:

Start by listing the efforts of the government in the recent past in order to fuel the power sector.

Going ahead, rapid growth and urbanisation will drive up the demand for electricity manifold, necessitating a healthy, efficient and consumer-centric power sector. It is in this light that an overhaul of The Electricity Act 2003 has been proposed. Many provisions of the 2003 Act are now archaic, given the sector’s rapid evolution, and this has resulted in several inefficiencies and challenges creeping in, hampering further growth.

Discuss – Discom reforms, draft Electricity Amendment Bill (2020), efforts for transition from fossil fuels to cleaner source such as renewables, atma nirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India) initiative etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude on a positive note and suggest way ahead.