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With State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report showing that India retains the dubious distinction of being the country with the largest population of food insecure people, critically analyse the underlying gaps to such a condition of food security in the country.

Topic : GS-2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

GS-3: food security

4. With State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report showing that India retains the dubious distinction of being the country with the largest population of food insecure people, critically analyse the underlying gaps to such a condition of food security in the country. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Data from the latest edition of the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report show that India retains the dubious distinction of being the country with the largest population of food insecure people. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to critically analyse the gaps present in the food security system of the country and suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly quote the report and its findings first.

Body:

Estimates presented in the report which was released by several United Nations organisations show that the prevalence of food insecurity increased by 3.8 percentage points in India between 2014 and 2019, By 2019, 6.2 crore more people were living with food insecurity than the number in 2014.

The SOFI report, which is published annually, presents the most authoritative evaluation of hunger and food insecurity in the world. Since 2017, SOFI presents two key measures of food insecurity: the conventional measure called the Prevalence of Undernourishment (PoU) and a new measure called the Prevalence of Moderate and Severe Food Insecurity (PMSFI).

Discuss the issues and the underlying gaps that have led to this condition in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and suggest solutions.

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