Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 August 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Social empowerment, Role of women and women’s organization

1. In India, as in many other countries, the economic fallout of covid-19 has had a disproportionate effect on women, thus it’s time to realize that what’s good for gender parity is good for the economy. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

The author of the article brings to us the dismal effect that Covid-19 had on women in the country and in what way it’s high time for us to realize that what’s good for gender parity is good for the economy.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the need to recognize and acknowledge the fact that – “what’s good for gender parity is good for the economy.”

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss the effects of Covid-19 in general and explain in what way it has shown a disproportionate effect on women in the country.

Body:

Start by explaining key facts such as – Even before the Covid crisis, India’s quest for gender equality was stalling. Globally, female participation in the labour force is about two-thirds that of men. That number had hardly changed between 2014 and 2019.

Discuss then the several reasons, besides the underlying inequalities, for this disproportionate effect on women. A major factor is that coronavirus has significantly increased the burden of unpaid care. According to one survey, covid-19 has increased by 30% the time women in India spend on family responsibilities.

Explain the need for recognising gender parity to better the economy. Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

2. While discussing the idea of Fiscal council, present arguments both in favour and against it, also explain its relevance in today’s times. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The editorial discusses the idea of a Fiscal Council in India.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the idea of fiscal council and present arguments both in favour and against it, also explain its relevance in today’s times.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In the current economic slowdown in the country owing to the COVID-19 pandemic and the consequent lockdown, economists opine that the government needs to borrow and spend more now in order to support vulnerable households and engineer an economic recovery.

Body:

First explain the idea of Fiscal council; The government can signal its virtue by establishing some new institutional mechanism for enforcing fiscal discipline, such as for example a fiscal council. It was first recommended by the Thirteenth Finance Commission and was subsequently endorsed by the Fourteenth Finance Commission and then by the FRBM (Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management) Review Committee headed by N.K. Singh.

A fiscal council, at its core, is a permanent agency with a mandate to independently assess the government’s fiscal plans and projections against parameters of macroeconomic sustainability, and put out its findings in the public domain.

Discuss in detail its mandate, functions and present both pros and cons of it.

Conclusion:

The best way forward is to start small and scale it up if it proves to be a positive experience.

 

Topic : India and its neighborhood- relations.

3. Can India be the economic engine of the neighborhood in the current conditions?  Discuss in detail the idea of India taking lead in the south Asian region. (250 words )

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Why the question:

The article talks about the importance of India in the South Asian region.

Key Demand of the question:

One must explain whether it is possible for India to become an economic engine of the neighborhood in the current conditions. One has to focus on the regional aspects and India’s role in it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the context of the question.

Body:

Explain in what way with the privilege of being the region’s largest economy by far comes the power to make a difference. Covid-19 has presented India with an unprecedented opportunity to help restructure its economy and reshape regional cooperation and integration towards a more sustainable path.

Discuss the effects of Pandemic in the current conditions. Explain how it has impacted overall economy in the region.                

Explain the need for reorientation of India’s Neighbourhood First policy in such context. Take hints from the article and elucidate.

Conclusion:

Conclude on the note that India can fuel its own national recovery by being the economic engine of the neighborhood.

 

Topic : GS-2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

GS-3: food security

4. With State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report showing that India retains the dubious distinction of being the country with the largest population of food insecure people, critically analyse the underlying gaps to such a condition of food security in the country. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Data from the latest edition of the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report show that India retains the dubious distinction of being the country with the largest population of food insecure people. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to critically analyse the gaps present in the food security system of the country and suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly quote the report and its findings first.

Body:

Estimates presented in the report which was released by several United Nations organisations show that the prevalence of food insecurity increased by 3.8 percentage points in India between 2014 and 2019, By 2019, 6.2 crore more people were living with food insecurity than the number in 2014.

The SOFI report, which is published annually, presents the most authoritative evaluation of hunger and food insecurity in the world. Since 2017, SOFI presents two key measures of food insecurity: the conventional measure called the Prevalence of Undernourishment (PoU) and a new measure called the Prevalence of Moderate and Severe Food Insecurity (PMSFI).

Discuss the issues and the underlying gaps that have led to this condition in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and suggest solutions.

 

Topic : GS-2: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

GS-3: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. Sustaining innovation in the country requires partnership of the government with the tech-solution providers for better governance solutions. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The article explains a globally-competitive tech-solutions/app ecosystem can’t be sustained without government partnership.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way Sustaining innovation in the country requires partnership of the government with the tech-solution providers for better governance solutions.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the role of technology solution providers in providing for better governance solutions.

Body:

Briefly talk about Indian start-ups first. Discuss the actions of the government in this direction.

Discuss what the government should do to make the innovation paradigm of the country more sustainable. The government needs to help build start-ups in the field of health-tech, agri-tech, ed-tech, etc. It also needs to promote innovations in new technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, Blockchain, mixed reality, and robotics.

Quote examples to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of recognising role of technology solution providers in better governance systems for the country.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. With examples from your own life explain how educational institutions have helped you shape your morality? (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the contributions of educational institution in shaping the morality of an individual.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the ethical values that you consider significant and then elaborate how the educational institution provided you them.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by Morality.

Body:

Morality of a person is set of values she is inclined to protect and uphold. These values get wholesome inputs when she is in school and colleges. Educational institution plays the most crucial role in the shaping of the morality of any person. It is not merely due to the very nature of educational institution, but also it’s the timing of involvement in our life. Its influence during the formative years is a long-lasting one. The discrimination between what is right what is wrong becomes an active exercise when we entre in school. School, in that context, is a first genuine social place for a child — values like honesty, togetherness, compassion, perseverance etc.

Give real time examples from your personal experience.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Case Study

7. You reside in a village notorious for instances of honor killing. You have known some of you schoolmates being the victims. In this scenario, one of your friends comes to you seeking help. This time the case is reverse. The father of the boy had threatened to commit suicide if he marries a girl from a supposedly lower caste. His mother too is bedridden after knowing this. Their disagreement to for the marriage is solely based on the girl being from a

Lower caste. The parents are also under tremendous pressure from society.

The boy is now under tremendous pressure from the other people from the society, as he will be considered the reason of his parents’ death if he chooses to stick with his decision of marrying that girl. He also has two school-going younger siblings. You personally have always believed that the caste discrimination must go and have always fought against it. You otherwise share a cordial relationship with the boy and also with his parents.

Analyse the situation with ethical angles involved in it. (250 words)

Why the question: Case Study

Key Demand of the question:

The question is a case study based on caste discrimination and associated honor killing.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by briefing the case; introduce the issue and ethical angles involved.

Body:

List down the facts in the case and the associated challenges like – honor killing, schoolmates being victim, family pressure, caste system etc.

The case presented to us is depicts a dilemma between ideological stand against the social situation. History of honor killing makes the case more sensitive. The strict ideological stand may hamper the life of the friend too.

Discuss the possible steps that you would take.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced solution to the given situation.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos