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Topics Covered: Issues related to health.


Why in News?

The Delhi High Court has asked municipal bodies to take steps to prevent spread of glanders disease in animals including horses and issued notice to the Delhi government and others on an application filed by the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), India.

What’s the issue?

In its application, the PETA has sought directions to implement the provisions of the Prevention and Control of Infectious and Contagious Disease in Animal Act, 2009 and National Action Plan for control and eradication of glanders in horses, mules, ponies, and donkeys in the national capital.

About Glanders:

It is an infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei.

Who can get infected?

While people can get the disease, glanders is primarily a disease affecting horses. It also affects donkeys and mules and can be naturally contracted by other mammals such as goats, dogs, and cats.


  • Transmitted to humans through contact with tissues or body fluids of infected animals.
  • The bacteria enter the body through cuts or abrasions in the skin and through mucosal surfaces such as the eyes and nose.
  • It may also be inhaled via infected aerosols or dust contaminated by infected animals.

Symptoms of glanders commonly include:

  1. Fever with chills and sweating.
  2. Muscle aches.
  3. Chest pain.
  4. Muscle tightness.
  5. Headsche
  6. Nasal discharge.
  7. Light sensitivity (sometimes with excessive tearing of the eyes).


Prelims Link:

  1. Glanders- causes, transmission, symptoms and treatments.
  2. Who can get infected?

Sources: the Hindu.