Topic : Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Social empowerment
1. ” Efforts to address child marriage in India should be in consonance with the socio-economic realities that demand investment in education, welfare, and opportunities for women.” Elaborate. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
The editorial brings to us the viewpoint that increasing age of marriage will be exercise of carceral power by state which will disproportionately affect Dalit, Adivasi women.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail in what way the issue of child marriage and its redressal should be in consonance with socio-economic realities that demand investment in education, welfare, and opportunities for women.
Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss the context of the decision of raising the legal age of marriage for women to 21 years by the government.
Start by explaining what the socio-economic realities of Women in the country are.
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) data 2015-16 points to certain trends in early marriages: That rural women are likely to marry earlier than their urban counterparts; that the higher up a woman is on the wealth quintile, the later she marries. Most importantly, it establishes a direct causal link between education levels and delayed age of marriage, with the former impacting the latter, not the other way around. Women with 12 years or more of schooling are most likely to marry later.
Discuss what should be the efforts that need to be made first to improve the socio-economic indicators of women in the country.
Conclude with suitable solutions and suggest what needs to be done.