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Bhakti and Sufi movements brought a new form of religious expression amongst Muslims and Hindus. Elaborate the statement highlighting, how they worked for communal harmony.

Topic : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Bhakti and Sufi movements brought a new form of religious expression amongst Muslims and Hindus. Elaborate the statement highlighting, how they worked for communal harmony. (250 words )

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why the question:

The question is from the portions of GS paper I, Medieval history of India.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way Bhakti and Sufi movements brought a new form of religious expression amongst Muslims and Hindus also establish how they worked towards communal harmony.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly introduce evolution of Bhakti and Sufi movement in India.

Body:

The Medieval period is considered as an age of great cultural synthesis in India. The Turks and Mughals introduced fresh ideas and helped in giving rise to new features in the areas of religion, philosophy and ideas. Result of the same was witnessed in the form of Bhakti and Sufi movements

Explain in what way they created a new form of religious expression.

Discuss with examples how they acted against communalism and worked for communal harmony.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting their contributions to the religion system and communal harmony