Topics Covered: Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
Swachh Survekshan 2020 report:
Swachh Survekshan 2020 report was recently released by the Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry.
- Swachh Survekshan 2020 covered 4,242 cities, 62 cantonment boards and 92 Ganga towns. This survey was carried out in 28 days.
- This year the Ministry has released rankings based on the categorisation of cities on population, instead of releasing overall rankings.
Performance of various cities:
- Indore was ranked the cleanest city in the overall category this year followed by Surat and Navi Mumbai.
- Chhattisgarh is the cleanest state in the category of states with more than 100 urban local bodies (ULBs).
- Ahmedabad is India’s the cleanest Mega city.
- New Delhi is the cleanest capital city.
- Chhattisgarh’s Ambikapur is the cleanest smallest city.
- Bengaluru wins the Best Self Sustainability award in the Mega city category.
- Jharkhand is the cleanest state in the category of state with less than 100 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
- Cleanest Cantonment: Jalandhar Cantt, Punjab.
- Cleanest Town along the banks of river Ganga:
- In cities with population less than one lakh, Karad in Mahrashtra is cleanest city.
- Maximum citizen participation in keeping city areas clean – Shahjahanpur.
- Cleanest megacity with more than 40 lac population – Ahmedabad (Gujarat).
- Fastest-moving city in terms of cleanliness – Jodhpur (Rajasthan).
- Self-sustainable city in terms of cleanliness (more than 10 lakh population) – Rajkot (Gujarat).
- Mysuru (Karnataka) is ranked cleanest among the medium-sized cities with a population ranging between 3 lakh and 10 lakh.
What is Swachh Survekshan?
Launched by PM Modi in 2016.
It is meant to monitor the performance of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which was launched on October 2, 2014, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
It was also aimed at inculcating a spirit of healthy competition among cities towards becoming India’s cleanest cities.
Who conducts the survey?
The Quality Council of India (QCI) is in charge of evaluating the performance of the participating cities. This is an autonomous accreditation body which was set up by the Government of India in 1997 for quality assurance in all fields, including governance.
- What is Swachh Survekshan? When was the first survey conducted?
- Top performers in the latest survey.
- About Swachh Basharat Abhiyaan.
- About Quality Council of India.
Sources: the Hindu.