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Science and Technology Indicators (STI), 2018

Topics Covered: Issues related to women.

Science and Technology Indicators (STI), 2018:


Context:

Science and Technology Indicators (STI), 2018 is a periodic compendium of the state of scientific research in India. It was released recently.

Who prepares the report?

The STI is prepared by National Science and Technology Management Information System (NSTMIS), a division of Department of Science and Technology (DST).

  • It is based on data provided by a range of scientific establishments across the country.

Key findings:

  • India’s private sector research companies appear to employ a larger proportion of women in core research and development activities than government-funded major scientific agencies do.
  • The 2018 indicators reiterate the historic trend of India’s scientists being overwhelmingly men.

Key takeaways:

On the whole, private sector companies had a greater commitment to ensuring that women scientists were fairly represented in recruitment, promotions and appraisal processes than in many scientific organisations.

The large drop in the number of women between the doctoral and professional stages appears to be due to:

  1. Social pressure on women to have a family which is seen as incompatible with a professional career.
  2. Patriarchal attitudes in hiring practices, so many women are discriminated against at this stage as well, with administrators deciding that women ‘should’ be opting for family over a career.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is Science and Technology Indicators?
  2. Who prepares the report?
  3. Key findings.

Mains Link:

India’s private sector research companies appear to employ a larger proportion of women in core research and development activities than government-funded major scientific agencies do. Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.