Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
3. Why Indian women are generally malnourished compared to their global counterparts? Enlist the reasons. What are the consequences? What measures need to be taken to tackle the problem of malnutrition in the country? Explain. (250 words)
Why the question:
The question aims to analyse the severity of malnutrition being faced by Indian women and its consequences and how it needs to be handled.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the reasons of why Indian women are generally malnourished compared to their global counterparts and its consequence and explain the measures that need to be taken.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly introduce severity of malnourishment among India women.
Indian women despite upliftment over the decades are still largely behind in the human development indicators like maternal mortality, micronutrient deficiencies etc. A third of women of reproductive age in India are undernourished, with a body mass index (BMI) of less than 18.5 kg/m2.
Highlight the reasons for malnourishment of women such as child marriages, early pregnancies, low gap between the children, focus of nutrition programmes for Indian children has largely been post-birth, food distribution in households is not based on need, poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, socioeconomic
And environmental factors and poor water/sanitation and health services etc.
Discuss the consequences of it in detail.
Conclude with solutions; hint at the efforts of the government in this direction.