Topic : Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1. What is the Radcliffe Line? Discuss the main motive with which it was drawn and explain its final outcome. (250 words)
Why the question:
On 17 August 1947, the borderline that separated India from Pakistan, known as the Radcliffe Line was revealed. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in detail the formation of Radcliff line, its main objective and its final outcome in detail.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Define the context of the question in brief.
The Radcliffe line is spread through the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat till international border in Jammu in Jammu & Kashmir, dividing India and Pakistan into two different countries. Radcliffe divided India into three halves: West Pakistan, East Pakistan and India. On this day, the line demarcating India from the newly formed Pakistan after partition was published.
It was named after the chairman of the Border Commissions, Sir Cyril Radcliffe. He was a lawyer from England who had no previous knowledge or experience with cartography.
This border line is today the international boundary between India and Pakistan on the western side and between India and Bangladesh on the eastern side.
Discuss its objective and outcome in detail.
Conclude that dividing the two countries was a very tough job because the division was done on the basis of religious majority and a fair decision had to made while drawing a boundary between the two countries.