Topic : Disaster and disaster management.
6.The increasing industrialization increases the risk of industrial disasters. What effective steps must be taken to reduce industrial disasters? What lessons India can learn from its past experience in tackling such disasters? (250 words)
Why the question:
The article talks about preparing for a disaster-resilient nation.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in what way increasing industrialization increases the risk of industrial disasters; discuss what effective steps need to be taken to reduce the same. Discuss the lessons India can learn from its past experiences.
Structure of the answer:
Define what constitute Industrial hazards.
Industrial hazards are threats to people and life-support systems that arise from the mass production of goods and services. When these threats exceed human coping capabilities or the absorptive capacities of environmental systems they give rise to industrial disasters. Industrial hazards can occur at any stage in the production process, including extraction, processing, manufacture, transportation, storage, use, and disposal. Losses generally involve the release of damaging substances (e.g. chemicals, radioactivity, and genetic materials) or damaging levels of energy from industrial facilities or equipment into surrounding environments. This usually occurs in the form of explosions, fires, spills, leaks, or wastes.
Explain what effective steps can be taken to address the concerns.
Discuss the case studies (India’s past experiences), explain what are the learnings from them.
Conclude that India has learnt a number of lessons but still a lot needs to be done to efficiently tackle such disasters.