Topic : The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
1. Jawaharlal Nehru played a very important role in popularizing the vision of a socialist India both within the national movement and in the country at large. Illustrate with examples. (250 words)
Why the question:
Question is premised on how Jawaharlal Nehru played an important role in achieving socialist India.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in detail the role played by Jawaharlal Nehru in popularizing the vision of a socialist India both within the national movement and in the country at large.
Illustrate – A similar instruction to ‘explain’ whereby you are asked to show the workings of something, making use of definite examples and statistics if appropriate to add weight to your explanation.
Structure of the answer:
Explain the concept of socialism in short.
Jawaharlal Nehru rejected the capitalist development and worked for fundamental transformation of Indian society in a socialist direction. For him, socialism meant greater equality of opportunity, social justice, and more equitable distribution of higher incomes, ending of acute social disparities generated by feudalism and capitalism and application of scientific approach to the problems of society.
Explain how Nehru got inclined to the idea of socialism; discuss the methods and means by which he popularized the idea.
Conclude with the importance of India adopting a socialist path of development under his leadership.