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Any democracy needs a thriving and coherent opposition. How can the role of the opposition be made more effective for the better functioning of democracy? Analyse.

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3. Any democracy needs a thriving and coherent opposition. How can the role of the opposition be made more effective for the better functioning of democracy? Analyse.  (250 words)

Reference: Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of “opposition” in a democracy.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the significance of coherent opposition in a democracy and discuss in what way the role of opposition can be made effective for better functioning of democracy.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what “opposition” means.

Body:

Discuss the role of opposition in a democracy. Explain that the opposition parties are those political parties that do not belong to the parliamentary majority or the government coalition and voice their disagreements and critical views concerning government action and are competing for legal accession to and the peaceful exercise of power. Opposition parties are Inseparable components of parliaments and they also function according to the rules of the game, reassuring the application of those checks and balances with their contribution to government policies and constructive criticism. Democracies become complete with opposition. Suggest key measures to strengthen democracy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of opposition in a democracy.