Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Forest Ministry releases guide to managing human-elephant conflict

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

Forest Ministry releases guide to managing human-elephant conflict:


Context:

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has compiled the best practices of human-elephant conflict management in India.

These include:

  1. Retaining elephants in their natural habitats by creating water sources and management of forest fires.
  2. Elephant Proof trenches in Tamil Nadu.
  3. Hanging fences and rubble walls in Karnataka.
  4. Use of chili smoke in north Bengal and playing the sound of bees or carnivores in Assam.
  5. An elephant corridor initiative where 25.37 acres of private land was purchased at Edayarahalli-Doddasampige in Karnataka as part of conservation efforts.
  6. Use of technology: Individual identification, monitoring of elephants in south Bengal and sending SMS alerts to warn of elephant presence.

Need for these management strategies:

Over 500 humans are killed in encounters with elephants annually, and crops and property worth millions are also damaged. Many elephants are also killed in retaliation due to conflict.

Insta Facts:

  1. Asian elephants are listed as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species.
  2. Indian Elephant has also been listed in the Appendix I of the Convention of the Migratory species in the recently concluded Conference of Parties of CMS 13 at Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat in February 2020.
  3. Elephant is the Natural Heritage Animal of India.
  4. India has the largest number of wild Asian Elephants, estimated at 29,964 according to the 2017 census by Project Elephant. The figure amounts to about 60% of the species’ global population.

Sources: the Hindu.