Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 August 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Religion has such a deep imprint on Indian art, that often entire Indian art is dismissed as religious only; however, there is no dearth of secular art. Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why the question:

The question is based on the Art and culture of the country and in what way it is secular and not just religious.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to discuss influence of religion on Indian art and substantiate that however it is not the only driving factor and Indian art is equally secular.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present some key facts reporting the influence of religion over the Indian Art.

Body:

In the answer body move on to dismiss the fact that Indian culture is purely religious by presenting the facts related to Secular art. On its way to modern times, Indian art has had cultural influences (Indus valley and Hellenistic) as well as religious influences such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam. Present examples to justify your answer such as – The rock cut architecture and art in India mainly focused on natural elements.

The paintings in these sites like barabar caves, Bhimbetka commonly depicted scenes of human life alongside animals, and hunts with stone implements.

During Indus valley civilization there were animal depictions, religious depictions like

Pasupathi etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of Indian secular Art and how often it is misunderstood as only religious.

 

Topic : Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2. Caste system and democracy are not mutually compatible in-principle; however, Indian politics has not only integrated these two, but made caste dissolution impossible. Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference: The wire 

Why the question:

The article explains how Caste continues to be a consistent measurement of whom upper-caste MPs choose to interact and connect with online.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the system of Caste politics in India; discuss why caste dissolution is impossible in the country.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by suggesting the fact that ideologically, caste and democracy differ from each other and cannot co-exist, because caste advocates fragmentation of society, whereas democracy stands for the unification of society.

Body:

Explain the following factors-

Caste is leased on inequality by birth. Democracy is based on principles of equality.

Caste advocates social exclusion and democracy advocates social inclusion. Caste provides wealth, power and status to specific groups but democracy provides equal chance to all categories irrespective of bias.

However, the peculiarity is that both caste system and democracy co-exist in Indian society.

It happens, because the way Indian system has evolved, caste influences politics and political system influences caste.

Explain the influence of political system on caste and vice-versa.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Millions of Indians are getting (undue) respect, benefits and positions due to their castes. We pretend ourselves to be the victim of our caste when it hurts us, we shamelessly display our castes when it benefits us. Further, the system of affirmative action has institutionalized caste into legal and governance system of the country.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3. China is accused of indulging in beggar-thy-neighbor policy. Explain the term and examine its consequences on rest of world? (250 words)

Reference: investopedia.com

Why the question:

The question is premised on the beggar-thy-neighbor policy.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the concept of beggar-thy-neighbor policy, its use by China and examine its consequences on the rest of the world.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Beggar thy neighbor policy refers to a policy that aims at addressing one’s own domestic problems at the expense of others — trading partners in particular. It utilizes currency devaluations and protective barriers to alleviate a nation’s economic difficulties at the expense of other countries.

Body:

Conventionally, countries often impose tariff barriers and restrict imports to protect their domestic industries. However, with globalization, such practices are not possible, beyond a level, Central banks devalue or encourage the depreciation of their own currencies compared to its trading partners by intervening in the local currency markets to retain their respective competitive edge and price advantage in exports.

Explain the moves made by China in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the current non system is pushing the world toward competitive monetary easing, to no one’s ultimate benefit. Developing a consensus for free trade and responsible global citizenship and

thus resisting parochial pressures would set the stage for the sustainable growth the world desperately needs.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Agriculture.

4. The technological convergence in industrial revolution 4.0 has brought in robotics much closer to human interface. Evaluate the key benefits of robotics in automated agriculture and manufacturing in the country.  (250 words)

Reference: weforum.org

Why the question:

The question aims to evaluate the key benefits of robotics in automated agriculture and manufacturing in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss first in what way technological convergence in industrial revolution 4.0 has brought in robotics much closer to human interface. And then evaluate the key benefits of robotics in automated agriculture and manufacturing in the country.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Industrial Revolution 4.0 can be said to be the advent of cyber-physical systems which is marked

by a fusion of technologies straddling the physical, digital and biological worlds.

Body:

Discuss first in what way technological convergence in industrial revolution 4.0 has brought in robotics much closer to human interface. Explain this with suitable recent advancement examples.

Then move on to explain the benefits – Key benefits of robotics in automated agriculture and manufacturing in the country are-

  • They do not get sick or want a time off. They can work the whole year round.
  • They offer fewer errors and at higher speeds. They result in higher quality.
  • They can be used in various fields in agriculture like around the field, trees, ponds etc.

They can reduce up to 80% of farm’s use of pesticides.

  • The robots have many fields of application in the agriculture such as the Merlin Robot Milker, Rosphere, Harvest Automation, Orange Harvester, lettuce bot, and the weeder.
  • They can be used in the livestock applications (the livestock robotics) such as the automatic

Milking, washing and castrating.

  • They improve the safety of the workers as they handle the harmful chemicals. • Higher profitability etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning the concerns and in what way they can be resolved by suggesting solutions to the same.

 

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. “Development goals must be pursued without breaching environment regulations”, comment. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article presents to us the recent natural hazards of the monsoon witnessed in parts of the country – the floods of Brahmaputra valley to konkan coast to Kerala.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail why it is important that development goals must be pursued without breaching environment regulations.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present some data referring to the recent natural hazards that have been witnessed in the country.

Body:

Discuss the importance of environmental regulations – what are they? Why are they important?

Elaborate why there is often a gap between development goals and the regulations explain with example – say for instance the objective of the National Landslide Susceptibility Mapping maps is to help State and district authorities incorporate the risk of landslides into zoning laws. However, just as in the case of earthquake zonation maps, or for that matter, any exercise to scientifically ascertain the risk from natural hazards to a region, these laws are barely implemented in the right spirit.

Highlight the need to address the situation with utmost priority and recognize the importance of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude that there is a cost to pursuing development goals without paying attention to environmental constraints.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. “Science and technology are a complement to human instinct and intuition, not an alternative”, do you agree? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint 

Why the question:

The article presents to us the importance of human instinct and intuition in the age of science and technology.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer demands a balanced opinion of how human instincts and intuition are equally important to science and technology.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by suggesting how world has today moved way ahead in terms of development of science and technology.

Body:

Expand the meaning of the statement in question – “Science and technology are a complement to human instinct and intuition, not an alternative”. Discuss how sci and tech complement human instincts and intuitions. Use examples such as that of the current Covid-19 pandemic. Explain why it is importance and very relevant to recognise the role of human intelligence.

Take hints from the article and substantiate your answer with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.

 

Topic : Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

7. Discuss the significance of reconciliation as a key virtue pivotal in the development of individual to a country, give suitable examples to substantiate. (250 words)

Reference: Deccan Herald 

Why the question:

The article presents to us a detailed narration of how reconciliation played a pivotal role in the history of freedom struggle of India.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is to ascertain the importance of reconciliation as a key virtue pivotal in the development of individual, groups and even of a country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by reconciliation.

Body:

The principle of reconciliation is based on the ancient Indian value of acceptance, which is much more than the normative concept of tolerance popularised by Western secularism.

Speaking at Chicago’s Parliament of World Religions in 1893, Vivekananda had described how tolerance can be a patronizing idea, as it believes that the tolerant possess the truth while indulging the tolerated in their right to be wrong. On the other hand, acceptance regards the accepted to be as much the possessors of the truth as the accepting, and it is out of this reciprocity between two different truths that reconciliation can emerge.

Discuss where all the virtue of reconciliation can be applied and what the advantages of practicing it are.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance in all spheres of life for everyone.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos